Thinking in Psychology

Thinking in Psychology
term "thinking" in psychology represent a variety of qualitatively diverse processes of cognitive activity, the products of which are summarized and indirect form reflect the surrounding reality.It is divided into categories depending on the level of generalization and the type of assets.

Thinking in Psychology - is the highest form of cognitive activity, the mental process mediated and generalized reflection of reality, as well as opening a qualitatively new facets of reality.

Features of thinking and types of mental operations in psychology

Thinking - forming and continuous replenishment concepts, ideas and conclude new judgment and reasoning, thinking has a number of features and characteristics.Specificity of thought in psychology as a socially conditioned process lies in its indirect and generalized nature, constant relationship with applied activities, conditioning human speech and focus on the resolution of the problem situation.Thinking in psychology has a number of properties, such as de

pth, speed and flexibility, and includes several operations: comparison, analysis, synthesis, abstraction, generalization and concretization.


Classification The main classification thinking in psychological science is a trinity of content: verbal, logical, visual-figurative and visual-active thinking.The first type is characterized to handling concepts, logical constructions, functioning on the basis of language.The second is related to the presentation of the situation before and after the changes that people would like to receive as a result of the transformation of the situation through its operations.An important distinction of the latter is a simultaneous vision of a subject from several different points of view, the establishment of new, unusual combinations of objects and properties of objects recorded in a single image.These three types of thinking coexist in any adult and involved in solving various problems.

addition, thinking in psychology is somewhat oppositional pairs:

  1. By type of tasks:
  • theoretical - knowledge of the laws, rules and laws of reality;
  • practice - preparing for the transformation of reality (development plan, project, scheme).
  1. By the time the flow, structure and awareness:
  • intuitive - is rapid, there are no clearly defined stages and almost no conscious;
  • analytic (logical) - deployed at the time, has clearly defined stages and presented in the mind of a thinking man.
  1. -stock connection with reality:
  • realism - aimed at the outside world and governed by the laws of logic;
  • autistic - associated with a particular person desires.
  1. By "degree of novelty produced in the process of mental activity of the product in relation to knowledge of the subject" (in the terminology of ZI Kalmykova):
  • productive (creative) - aimed at the acquisition of new knowledge and their application in unfamiliar surroundings;
  • reproductive - which is based on the already well-known logic and patterns.

This list is far from exhaustive.In general, the ratio between different types of thinking has not yet been identified in psychology.

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