12 August

Child psychology : the formation of the sexual consciousness

Child psychology : the formation of the sexual consciousness
As a child psychology describes the development of the sexual consciousness of the child and what can go wrong in the process.

Even when it comes to the baby, we always highlight certain features that characterize it as a boy or a girl, from the features of behavior and ending with the choice of clothes.

But the child is aware of himself as a representative of either sex is far from the first days of his life.

Stages of sexual awareness in child psychology

in child psychology is customary to distinguish several stages of formation of the sexual consciousness of the child.

  1. Formation of sexual
    identity (in the first months of life up to 4-5 years).Children are aware of the difference and gender identify themselves and others to one or other sex, are interested in the difference of secondary sexual characteristics.
  2. Formation gender roles (from 4-5 to 9-11 years).The child fixed patterns of behavior in accordance with its floor, especially in the process of role-playing games.
  3. Formation of sexual orientation (from 9-11 to 20-25 years).The period ends with the formation of a so-called mature sexuality.

Difficulties encountered

about five years in the child completes the first stage of self-awareness boy or a girl.This is primarily due to the identification with the parent of the same sex.

Such a relationship may be impaired if for some reason the girl does not take a mother and son - father properly.

For example, in conflict or emotionally cold relationship with his father and warm relationship with his mother the boy can begin to identify themselves with it and learn from the women's pattern of behavior, especially if the child's life does not appear significant others of your gender (grandfather, uncle, and so on.d.).

Another important mechanism is due to the fact that parents behave with your child, talk to him, not as a sexless creature, namely, as a boy or a girl.Usually this occurs by itself, but in some cases problems may arise.

For example, if desired, instead of a son in the family of a girl is born, the parents may be consciously or unconsciously encouraged baby masculine (active, risk tolerance, etc.) and do not take women (tearfulness, tenderness, etc.).Sometimes this happens also because the parents are not thinking about the difference between the sexes, raising little daughter as well as her older brothers.

In child psychology describes the reverse situation, when parents are overly imposing child stereotypes of sexual behavior.For example, girls can not play action games, unlike his brother ( "you're a girl!"), From her always waiting for help at home mom, while the brother and dad can go for a walk.In this situation, the child involuntarily arises rejection of their own sex, and there is bias in the formation of sexual consciousness.When

do not worry

not always boyish behavior of girls or girlish behavior of the boy due to the fact that the child does not accept their gender.

often behave like boys girls with bright temperament, actively developed.He is simply not interested in playing in the quiet girlish games, they crave more active, living away from home, and that is in the company of boys.In adolescence, nothing prevents such girls fall in love and tie is not only friendly relations with boys, so their behavior is somewhat different.

behave like girls are often the boys with a weak nervous system, impressionable, vulnerable.So boys can be difficult to communicate with the other boys, to participate in their fights, active games.By themselves, these traits of temperament and character does not interfere with the boy formed as a man, if adults do not fix them too much attention, and do not tell the boy that he behaves like a girl.

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