dysentery called acute intestinal infection primarily affecting the end of the large intestine.
Dirty hands - the most common way of contracting dysentery in children.Very often infections occur in the late summer - during ripening of fruits and vegetables.An important role in the spread of infection play flying insects, particularly flies, which are able to carry on their feet a significant number of pathogens.
Once in the upper digestive tract, Shigella pass on it to the lower divisions, which are attached to the intestinal wall and multiply.There they secrete toxins that have an effect on all the intestinal tissue, but the most nerve cells.Toxins cause inflammation, resulting in formation of ulcers.
incubation period of the disease can last up to a week, after which the temperature rises sharply, there is a fever, loss of appetite, headache.Some children with severe dysentery flow can occur convulsions and confusion.
After the painting intoxication joins abdominal pain diffuse nature, which over time becomes acute, the clutch hub and forms in the lower abdomen on the left (more often) or to the right.Pain can greatly intensify during defecation, the child appear false urge to defecate.Chair part - from 2-3 to 15-20 times a day in severe form.Fecal contain large amounts of impurities of blood and mucus.
In other forms of the disease, typical for older children, chair plentiful and watery, which can cause dehydration in children.
Diagnosis is based on the clinical picture of the disease, blood tests and stool, which found Shigella and characteristic inclusions.
form of lung diseases treated with respect for certain diets.From food exclude all foods that irritate the bowel.In the diet are mostly pureed soups, porridges on water, boiled and frayed fish and meat.Infants returned to the sour-milk diet.Average power is introduced gradually over one to two months after clinical recovery.
moderate and severe forms of the disease are treated in hospital with antibiotics, plasma-solutions in the form of intravenous lines and other specific funds.At congenial dysentery symptoms disappear by 1-2 days of treatment, in severe form - on 8-9 day.
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