SARS , but not the flu

SARS , but not the flu
There are over two hundred different colds, doctors who combine a simple abbreviation.

Acute respiratory viral infections (ARI) include a plurality (about two hundred) diseases with similar symptoms.These include influenza, parainfluenza, adenovirus infection, respiratory syncytial virus disease, rhinovirus infection, but for most of us it's just a "flu" and "ARD".

Acute respiratory infections (ARI) include many (about 200) of diseases with similar symptoms.These include influenza, parainfluenza, adenovirus infection, respiratory syncytial virus disease, rhinovirus infection, but for most of us it's just a "flu" and "ARD".

«Respiratory" means only that the viruses that cause colds, enter the body through the respiratory tract and are deposited on the mucous membranes of the nose, mouth.Establishing an accurate diagnosis will help you choose the most effective treatment regimen and to provide for complications specific to each type of SARS.

Parainfluenza

Prefix couple ... (from the Greek para -. N

ear, near, beyond) means "being close to what is called in the second part of the word" consequently, parainfluenza - a disease very similar to the flu.Indeed, parainfluenza - an acute viral disease of the respiratory tract, transmitted by airborne droplets.For him typical of inflammation of the larynx, manifested by pain in the throat and dry cough.In some cases, especially in patients with chronic diseases, parainfluenza complicated by bronchitis and pneumonia.The reservoir of infection - a sick man.Unlike the flu - seasonal phenomenon, does not paragrippp seasonality and affects mainly children.Immunity parainfluenza leaves.

disease treatment - symptomatic, hospitalization is not required.When complications (pneumonia, otitis, sinusitis) used antibiotics and sulfa (ie, antimicrobial) drugs.In the event of the most dangerous complications - false croup with symptoms of partial or complete narrowing of the lumen of the larynx (laryngeal spasm), which leads to difficulty in breathing air flow, hospitalization.

Adenovirus Adenovirus infection affects the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract, eyes, lymphoid tissue, occurs with moderate intoxication.Since the process involved regional lymph nodes, further viruses enter the bloodstream and can spread throughout the body, that is, develop viremia by which the pathogen is deposited in various organs and systems.

Disease begins acutely, with chills or chilling, moderate headache, myalgia and arthralgia, in rare cases - with epigastric pain.Characterized by nasal congestion, pain in the eyes, excessive tearing - develop conjunctivitis.Adenovirus infection must be differentiated from the group of acute respiratory viral infection, pneumonia, tuberculosis.

respiratory syncytial virus disease

This is an acute respiratory disease mainly affects the lower respiratory tract with moderate intoxication.The disease develops gradually.Often the inflammatory process begins with the mucous membranes of the nose and throat, and then affects the trachea, bronchi, bronchioles and lungs.In the development of pneumonia in addition to the virus has a value of a bacterial infection.

Depending on the infected respiratory tract distinguish nasopharyngitis, bronchitis, bronchiolitis, pneumonia.Duration of disease in mild forms ranges from five to seven days, with severe forms of the disease - up to three weeks or more.

rhinovirus infection

rhinovirus infection - an acute anthroponotic (ie pathogen is able to parasitize in the wild only in the human body) viral infection with the electoral defeat of the nasal mucosa.Rhinovirus is widespread in temperate climates, it is recorded throughout the year, often - in spring and autumn.The main symptom of rhinovirus infection - profuse rhinorrhea (discharge from the nose) in the absence or weak expression of intoxication.Rhinoviruses cause 25-40% of all SARS.Epidemics usually local.Sick people of all ages, often several times a year.The most frequently recorded disease in children under 5 years.

means no specific antiviral treatment of rhinovirus infections, and treatment - symptomatic.

Any respiratory infections bring headache (in all senses), are fraught with complications, consuming power and prevent enjoy life.Therefore, the best remedy - prevention, to which in times of unfavorable epidemiological situation it is necessary: ​​

  • wash hands as often as possible,
  • limit contact with sick people,
  • avoid places with large concentrations of people,
  • as little use of public transport can be.

Cheers!

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