Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis : it

Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis : it
How dangerous juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.How not to miss the start of the insidious disease in children.

What is juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis - a serious inflammatory disease of the connective tissue that occurs in children under 16 years of age and manifests joint disease.

However, in the pathological process may be involved, and other organs:

  • heart,
  • skin,
  • light,
  • liver,
  • spleen
  • eyes.

In this case, the symptoms depend on which organs are affected.There are several types of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.Depending on the type of disease can occur very early (6 weeks of age), but most often begins juvenile rheumatoid arthritis at the age of 1-3 and 8-12 years.

manifestations vary depending on the type of disease.

The causes of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

The cause of the disease is still uncertain.

The researchers suggest that the disease may be due to hereditary factors and disorders of the immune system.Probably, the expression of juvenile rhe

umatoid arthritis facilitate infectious disease.

Systemic juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

for diseases characterized by a sharp increase in body temperature (up to 39 ° C and above), usually in the evening, after which the temperature rapidly drops to normal levels or even slightly below.

  1. During the temperature increase on the trunk and limbs, at least on the face, palms and soles, a rash may appear in the form of small pale pink spots.
  2. rash is most noticeable in areas where the skin is exposed to any influence, for example, where tighter fits all clothing.
  3. As can be enlarged lymph nodes, spleen, liver, and in some cases, pain in the stomach, develops pleurisy, pericarditis, myocarditis.
  4. Some children in the early stages of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is never as pronounced manifestations with fever and rash, they can be seen only a slight inflammation of the joints.Sometimes on the affected joint can be judged by the baby to change the behavior: the child little moves, mostly sitting, it becomes lethargic and irritable.

This kind of rheumatoid artirta occurs with equal frequency in both boys and girls, the share of this type of account for up to 30% of all cases of the disease.

Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis with lesions of multiple joints

most often occurs in girls.This usually amazed:

  • wrist,
  • elbows,
  • knees,
  • ankles,
  • small joints of the hands and feet.

may be involved in the inflammatory process and the major joints: temporomandibular, the joints of the cervical spine and shoulder girdle.In the area of ​​the joint swelling and inflammation appears, find it difficult to move.

defeat in most cases bilateral.Sometimes it can increase the body temperature.Children are apathetic, they have reduced body weight, and sometimes swollen lymph nodes, liver and spleen.In some cases, there is the appearance of subcutaneous nodules, usually in heels and elbows.

This kind of disease is considered the most serious, because it can lead to significant damage to the joints.

The share of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis with lesions of multiple joints have to almost half of all cases of the disease.Typically, several joints are affected, basically large (e.g., knee).A characteristic feature is considered rigidity and stiffness in the joints, especially in the morning.In addition, bone growth may be disturbed.

subtypes of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

There are several subtypes of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis with lesions of multiple joints.

  1. The first subtype, in addition to inflammation of the joints characterized by the development of iridocyclitis (inflammation of the iris of the eye), which can be manifested by pain and redness of the eyes, blurred vision and increased sensitivity to light.The most common subtype of this disease detected in girls younger than 6 years.
  2. second subtype of the disease occurs more frequently in boys up to 8 years, is characterized by loss of the sacroiliac joint for him.Later, the disease can affect the lumbar spine.Some babies may also develop iridocyclitis.
  3. iridocyclitis is not typical for the third variant of the disease.This type of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis with lesions of multiple joints feel less heavy compared to the other two.

When the warning signs, you should consult a doctor to carry out the necessary investigation and, if necessary, choose the treatment.

This will help prevent the development of severe consequences of the disease, as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is often a cause of disability.

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