Catarrhal gastritis - a simple acute gastritis, that is inflammation (redness) of the mucous membrane of the stomach wall.Such gastritis is common, occurs under the influence of a strong stimulus that has entered the stomach.Simply put, it can be called an acute irritation of the stomach.
Catarrhal acute gastritis is the primary and secondary.Primary acute catarrhal gastritis cause exogenous reasons, that is coming from outside, they are nutritional and infectious-toxic.For nutritional factors are quantitative overload and aggressive on the quality of food: spicy, fatty, fried, smoked, salted, pickled, eating dry rations, frequent consumption of fizzy drinks, uncontrolled use of medicines.
Infectious and toxic factors associated with substandard food contaminated with the bacteria Proteus, klebsiely, salmonella, etc., And their toxins.
Secondary acute catarrhal
In severe cases, temperature rise characteristic in gastritis, especially when associated with infection.Other features of toxic and infectious gastritis are more severe vomiting and diarrhea, with possible dehydration, pain, are common in nature.
consequences of gastritis depends on its severity.Toxins of bacteria through the blood fall into the deeper layers of the stomach wall, damaging it.In acute gastritis may develop superficial mucosal or change its deep damage up to necrosis (necrosis of tissue sections).In severe intoxication can develop general, violations of cardiovascular activity.Sometimes the damage can lead to gastric bleeding, perforation of the stomach wall and peritonitis.
With timely adequate treatment in the majority of cases it is possible to cure acute gastritis, sometimes it remains in the form of chronic gastritis or consequences remain in the form of accompanying diseases: cholecystitis, pancreatitis, colitis, dysbacteriosis and others.
Driving treatment of gastritis includes basic treatment and symptomatic.Treatment of acute gastritis always start with cleansing the stomach and intestines (washing), and in infectious component - the appointment of antibacterial (chloramphenicol, Enterofuril, amoxicillin) and the absorbent means (Polyphepanum, polisorb, enterosgel).Dehydration immediately begin infusion of isotonic sodium chloride and glucose combined or special solutions (Acesol, Disol, Chlosol, Ringer).In acute vascular insufficiency appoint kordiamin, caffeine, norepinephrine, phenylephrine.The first day - two to refrain from any food, to allow to purify and soothe irritated authorities.Next, the patient is assigned to a strict diet, a week later it gradually expanding.
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