Withdrawal , What You Need to Know

Withdrawal , What You Need to Know
Scary breaking drug addict or an alcoholic suffering from a hangover - those nasty pictures we see on television, and sometimes in real life.Footy, almost frantic eyes, sweating and paleness, shaking hands and legs give way - at the sight of suffering from severe depending people want to sincerely thank myself for a relatively healthy lifestyle, or once again promise to give up drinking at corporate.

But, unfortunately, close to the state of abstinence could feel on themselves and do not drink alcohol or drugs a person.Such a reaction of the organism as a withdrawal syndrome can occur, for example, failure of certain drugs.

Let's see, what could cause withdrawal symptoms and what he may face.Knowing the main symptoms and possible manifestations of this reaction will be much easier not to succumb to panic and just tell the doctor the information you need.

What is the withdrawal syndrome

withdrawal syndrome, as well as withdrawal symptoms may occur when you stop intake of certain drugs, nicotine or

psychoactive substances, such as alcohol or opiates.

Also, this reaction of the body is able to occur at lower doses of the above drugs or in the interval between their intake.In this case the faster excreted from the body caused the cancellation of the substance syndrome, the greater may be the reaction.

Withdrawal is able to strengthen the already existing symptoms, and cause new ones.Duration and severity of withdrawal symptoms depend on the type of active substance, and the individual characteristics of human health.

Withdrawal of medication

There are a number of drugs, the adoption of which is associated with a high risk of occurrence of withdrawal syndrome.On the possible dangers patient should alert the attending physician;it is also necessary to immediately report the effects seen for the correction of the treatment process.

Note specialist to have you used drugs - harmless individually, together they can cause unpleasant consequences.

withdrawal syndrome can cause:

  • antianginal agents - increased angina, exacerbation of the disease, until the development of myocardial infarction;
  • antihypertensives - increased blood pressure;
  • neuroleptics - neurological and psychiatric disorders, including dyskinesias recoil cholinergic "recoil" syndrome, psychosis hypersensitivity;
  • benzodiazepines - disruption of the digestive tract, insomnia, anxiety, agitation, tremors, muscle spasms, less often - sweating, irritability, depression, psychosis, delirium, convulsions and other symptoms;
  • antidepressants - nausea, insomnia, hyperexcitation and sensory disorders, nervousness, strong emotional agitation, anxiety, delirium, and other, different groups of antidepressants can cause both similar and different withdrawal symptoms;
  • opiates - intensive somatovegetativnye, neurological and psychiatric disorders, typical symptoms include muscle pain or cramps, acute runny nose, watery eyes, fever, stomach cramps;
  • barbiturates - insomnia, weakness, tremor, anxiety, irritability, increased heart rate, tachycardia after getting up, increased body temperature, perceptual disturbances, psychosis and hallucinations, delusions and delirium;
  • corticosteroids - hypoglycemia, weakness, headache, loss of appetite, joint and muscle pain.

also from acute withdrawal syndrome may suffer a newborn baby, for example, if his mother had taken barbiturates on the last trimester of pregnancy.

To reduce the risk of withdrawal symptoms and reducing the forces discontinuation of the above drugs, as well as reducing their dosage should take place under the supervision of the attending physician.If necessary, your doctor may prescribe a course of treatment withdrawal.

alcohol and drug withdrawal syndrome

withdrawal syndrome that occurs as a result of alcohol or drug use, in many respects similar to the syndrome of cancellation of drugs.It also occurs when you stop or decrease the dose of psychoactive substances and is for a number of symptoms, including a wide range of neurological, vegetative, somatic and psychopathological disorders.

withdrawal symptoms are directly related to the type of substance, timing and dose of its use, as well as the intensity of the output of their body.

fastest withdrawal syndrome is formed in the use of opiates and cocaine, abuse of stimulants and sleeping pills.Also quickly formed dependence and withdrawal syndrome in the systematic use of alcohol.

person with withdrawal syndrome requires immediate medical treatment and relief of disease.Depending on the origin of withdrawal symptoms, the doctor may resort to symptomatic treatment with antidepressant drugs, opiate receptor blockers, antipsychotics or mood stabilizers - mood stabilizers.

cancel smokers syndrome Another group of people that can feel the unpleasant effects of withdrawal - this, smokers who decide to get rid of addiction or lost their usual access to cigarettes.

withdrawal syndrome in this case is connected not only with the lack of the body's usual dose of nicotine, eventually becoming a stimulator of many metabolic processes, but also from a psychological dependence on smoking process.

It should be noted that the intensity of withdrawal symptoms depends on the strength of will and the human psyche - one can safely quit smoking after 10 years, and the other will suffer a smoker, having been based in the cigarette smoke the entire year.

Symptoms of withdrawal in smokers:

  • obsessive desire to smoke;
  • irritability and aggression;
  • insomnia, confusion, loss of concentration;
  • disorders of the stomach and intestines, and constipation;
  • violation blood pressure;
  • recurrent bronchitis or obstructive lung disease;
  • various aches and chills;
  • dizziness and nausea.

Consult a physician before deciding to quit.You may be recommended soft sedatives, mucolytics or drugs, normalizing the digestive tract.

chemical addiction to nicotine can be stoped taking special substitute drugs or using nicotine patches.Psychological dependence can help to overcome psychological counseling, doctor, support groups, active lifestyle, giving up alcohol and smoking companies, as well as new, healthy hobbies.

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