tracheostomy - a surgical operation on the dissection of anterior tracheal wall, known to mankind for more than 2 thousand years.
but not enough to let air into the lungs, throat cutting.Will the planned operation or to provide emergency assistance, for the hole and a special tube inserted into it - tracheostomy - you need to properly care for and watch.
tracheostomy tracheostomy may be the result of elective surgery or emergency intervention necessary to save lives.
In case of emergency, such as severe allergic swelling of the throat or airway blockage foreign object, trained person can do a trac
tracheostomy set at:
obstruction can occur days, months and years, in the case of chronic inflammation or cancer of the larynx, a few hours - with chemical burns or infections, or in minutes and seconds - with injuries of the trachea and larynx, angioedema or clogged airwaystract foreign bodies.In some cases, doctors do not wait for held obstruction and a tracheostomy do in advance, when the threat posed complications.
If tracheostomy is needed for a short time, the hole closes itself pretty quickly.In the event that had formed nezarastayuschy clearance, doctors zashyut it once lost the need for stoma.
tracheostomy can be set to a relatively short period of time, for months or even a lifetime.This need arises, for example, a complete removal of the larynx, or serious congenital abnormalities.
This tracheostomy care in a health facility is required only during the course of the formation of a tracheotomy.This process can take from a few days to a couple weeks.Then take care of a tracheostomy may be the patient himself or his relative.
There tracheostomy cannula, with a special tube in the section of the trachea, and beskanyulnye.In both cases, the tracheostomy requires proper care, which not only make life easier for the patient, but also help to avoid complications.Over time, the holes formed lumen finally, ceasing to be narrowed.From this moment the attending physician can suggest stop wearing tracheostomy cannula.
Tracheostomy tubes come in different sizes, they are made of different polymers, plastics and metals.Process cannula tracheostomy care outside hospital includes daily removal of the tube from the opening - stoma, washing and cleaning of pipes, and the subsequent return of the cannula in place.Before the procedure of withdrawal and the installation of the cannula is required to wash their hands thoroughly.
tracheotomy tube from plaque mucus crusts and cleaned with the brush in the cleaning solution, dried, wiped a sterile cloth soaked in rubbing alcohol, and then smeared with the outside of the sterile glycerol.The tube through the stoma neat screwing movement.
doctor may allow to insert a tube into the stoma immediately - foreign object in the throat tires patients both physically and emotionally.However, for the clearance should be closely monitored, returning the cannula at the first sign of narrowing holes.Before returning to the tube in the stoma cannula itself, as well as the edge of the hole and surrounding skin should be treated with ointment prescribed by a doctor.
and cannula, and beskanyulnaya tracheostomy requires care not only for tube and airway reorganization, is to remove the sputum aspirator health and in the care of stoma.
presence of temporary or permanent tracheostomy imposes serious restrictions on the habitual way of life and commits to comply with some rules:
Ignoring these rules is life-threatening, because the water gets into the stoma can cause respiratory failure, dried and taken away from the tube mucus crust can clog the trachea and the bronchi, and the vulnerability of open airways has to various inflammatory processes.
addition to rigorous requirements, there are a few tips to make life easier for a person with a tracheostomy:
After surgery the man for some time will not be able to talk.Smartphone or notebook with a pencil on hand to help experience any discomfort or just chat.
Often people turn to the pharmacy from the doctor, knowing the exact diagnosis, but someone without even knowing that they are already sick liver...
Flat feet in children is more dangerous than adults, because they quickly progresses and brings physical suffering and loss of health for life, s...
hyperacidity gastritis - a gastritis with high acidity of gastric juice, an inflammatory disease of the mucous membrane of the stomach wall. in...