Hemorrhoids : surgery or conservative treatment

Hemorrhoids : surgery or conservative treatment
Disease name "hemorrhoids" has become synonymous with the word "problem" as long and hard does the treatment of this disease.How to get rid of unpleasant symptoms, in some cases, surgery is needed in cases of haemorrhoids and whether it is possible not to go under the surgeon's knife?

suffer from hemorrhoids, according to statistics, more than 10% of the adult population of the planet.Among the factors that can lead to hemorrhoids, isolated:

  • poor diet;
  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • heredity;
  • increased physical activity;
  • stress and so on.

That is at risk is any average citizen.

treatment of hemorrhoids drugs

Conservative treatment of hemorrhoids are effective only in the early (first and second) stage of the disease.Timely, at the first detection of unpleasant symptoms, appeal to the specialist, the proctologist yields positive results: Conservative treatment may stop the growth of hemorrhoids and establish the blood circulation in the pelvic area.

to conservative therapies include agents wit

h anti-thrombotic, anti-inflammatory, antipruritic and mestnoanestiziruyuschim action.This is different suppositories (candles), creams, ointments or gels from hemorrhoids.

also to achieve stable remission, doctors are advised to establish the correct way of life: to give up smoking and alcohol, to start full and balanced feed, move more, live a healthy lifestyle.

Only the combination of a properly sized medical treatment with an active lifestyle can delay the development of hemorrhoids and improve the overall condition of the patient.

Hemorrhoids: Types

operations Later stages of the disease (third and fourth) usually require surgical intervention.At the same time at the acute stage of radical measures are not taken: the doctor will prescribe a means to relieve unpleasant symptoms.

in remission (with the weakening or disappearance of symptoms), hemorrhoids, the following operations:

  • sclerotherapy;
  • latex ligation (the imposition of special rings);
  • infrared coagulation;
  • hemorrhoidectomy;
  • operation Longo method.

Sclerotherapy: surgery for hemorrhoids in cases not started

Under sclerotherapy refers to the introduction into the lumen of the vein of the drug that promotes bonding the vessel walls.Through bonding, in the hemorrhoid blood ceases to flow, and it is gradually resorbed.

method used in the 1-3 rd stage of the disease, and in the case of the fourth possible in preparation for surgical removal or ligation.

Contraindications acute stage of hemorrhoids, inflammation or anal fissures, abscess.

Soreness in patients observed for 1-2 days after surgery.The method is effective, but doctors recommend to treat no more than two of hemorrhoids for the session, and therefore, at an advanced stage treatment can be lengthy.

Latex ligation of hemorrhoids

method of blending latex rings (ligation) to hemorrhoids formation based on the cessation of blood flow after vascular rings pinched.There is necrosis of tissue and a gradual (within 10-14 days) host rejection.

Ligation is carried out only on the internal components, it is effective for 2-3 rd stage, in rare cases it is possible in the fourth, when nodes have distinct boundaries.

Contra latex ligation: an acute form of hemorrhoids, abscess, anal fissure.

overlay procedure one ring takes 8-10 minutes, is performed on the gynecological chair.Experts recommend to carry out the operation on the ligation of hemorrhoids one node per session, so the treatment method of banding is also quite long.Its efficiency is high, the operation is performed without limiting the patient's ability to work.

Infrared coagulation: additional treatment

infrared coagulation method is based on the effects of infrared beam on the hemorrhoid, causing a burn occurs and necrosis of tissue.

applied coagulation 1-2-th stage hemorrhoids is effective on small internal nodes can be used as an additional measure, such as ligation latex rings.

During the session can be affected by no more than three knots.The procedure is painless, after surgery, patients reported discomfort and slight pain for 1-3 days.

Hemorrhoids: Surgery to remove

nodes hemorrhoidectomy - surgical removal of hemorrhoids.Surgery to remove the hemorrhoids assigned patients with stage 4, at least - with the third, when the units are too big and can not use other methods.

The indications for surgery are:

  • permanent loss of internal hemorrhoids;
  • anemia, bleeding in the background;
  • regular seasonal exacerbation of hemorrhoids.

hemorrhoidectomy is not recommended for elderly patients as the possible consequences - a violation of urination, abscess and others - significantly reduce the level of life of patients.

Operation hemorrhoids requires hospitalization by an average of 3-7 days, performed under intravenous anesthesia or epidural (injection of the drug into the spinal space) anesthesia.

recovery period takes 1-2 months, during this time may experience pain or discomfort during a bowel movement, straining, lifting heavy objects.

mucosal resection for Longo: safe innovation

alternative to the classical hemorrhoidectomy is an operation method Longo - transanal mucosal resection.In this case the hemorrhoids are not removed, and tightened up or greatly reduced in size by reducing the amount of blood flowing.

procedure lasts usually no more than 15-20 minutes, then you need a stationary observation of the patient within 2-4 days.Recovery lasts less than hemorrhoidectomy, also when operations Longo significantly reduced pain in patients.

Limiting conservative treatment or surgery used to treat hemorrhoids - solves only specialist proctologist, based on the stage of the disease, its clinical and patient complaints.

Latest Blog Post

Angina : Types and Treatment
August 12, 2017

Tonsillitis is an infection that is caused by conditionally pathogenic microflora inhabiting the body of any person.What types of angina are and...

flu Complications
August 12, 2017

Intrigue flu is that it not only affects different organs and systems, and is the most vulnerable spot and provokes diseases that have not manif...

How to ruin your teeth faster: bad advice
August 12, 2017

What you need to do to have at a young age to leave with a healthy and beautiful smile. Some people manage to at a young age to lose a beautifu...