suffer from hemorrhoids, according to statistics, more than 10% of the adult population of the planet.Among the factors that can lead to hemorrhoids, isolated:
That is at risk is any average citizen.
Conservative treatment of hemorrhoids are effective only in the early (first and second) stage of the disease.Timely, at the first detection of unpleasant symptoms, appeal to the specialist, the proctologist yields positive results: Conservative treatment may stop the growth of hemorrhoids and establish the blood circulation in the pelvic area.
to conservative therapies include agents wit
also to achieve stable remission, doctors are advised to establish the correct way of life: to give up smoking and alcohol, to start full and balanced feed, move more, live a healthy lifestyle.
Only the combination of a properly sized medical treatment with an active lifestyle can delay the development of hemorrhoids and improve the overall condition of the patient.
operations Later stages of the disease (third and fourth) usually require surgical intervention.At the same time at the acute stage of radical measures are not taken: the doctor will prescribe a means to relieve unpleasant symptoms.
in remission (with the weakening or disappearance of symptoms), hemorrhoids, the following operations:
Under sclerotherapy refers to the introduction into the lumen of the vein of the drug that promotes bonding the vessel walls.Through bonding, in the hemorrhoid blood ceases to flow, and it is gradually resorbed.
method used in the 1-3 rd stage of the disease, and in the case of the fourth possible in preparation for surgical removal or ligation.
Contraindications acute stage of hemorrhoids, inflammation or anal fissures, abscess.
Soreness in patients observed for 1-2 days after surgery.The method is effective, but doctors recommend to treat no more than two of hemorrhoids for the session, and therefore, at an advanced stage treatment can be lengthy.
method of blending latex rings (ligation) to hemorrhoids formation based on the cessation of blood flow after vascular rings pinched.There is necrosis of tissue and a gradual (within 10-14 days) host rejection.
Ligation is carried out only on the internal components, it is effective for 2-3 rd stage, in rare cases it is possible in the fourth, when nodes have distinct boundaries.
Contra latex ligation: an acute form of hemorrhoids, abscess, anal fissure.
overlay procedure one ring takes 8-10 minutes, is performed on the gynecological chair.Experts recommend to carry out the operation on the ligation of hemorrhoids one node per session, so the treatment method of banding is also quite long.Its efficiency is high, the operation is performed without limiting the patient's ability to work.
infrared coagulation method is based on the effects of infrared beam on the hemorrhoid, causing a burn occurs and necrosis of tissue.
applied coagulation 1-2-th stage hemorrhoids is effective on small internal nodes can be used as an additional measure, such as ligation latex rings.
During the session can be affected by no more than three knots.The procedure is painless, after surgery, patients reported discomfort and slight pain for 1-3 days.
nodes hemorrhoidectomy - surgical removal of hemorrhoids.Surgery to remove the hemorrhoids assigned patients with stage 4, at least - with the third, when the units are too big and can not use other methods.
The indications for surgery are:
hemorrhoidectomy is not recommended for elderly patients as the possible consequences - a violation of urination, abscess and others - significantly reduce the level of life of patients.
Operation hemorrhoids requires hospitalization by an average of 3-7 days, performed under intravenous anesthesia or epidural (injection of the drug into the spinal space) anesthesia.
recovery period takes 1-2 months, during this time may experience pain or discomfort during a bowel movement, straining, lifting heavy objects.
alternative to the classical hemorrhoidectomy is an operation method Longo - transanal mucosal resection.In this case the hemorrhoids are not removed, and tightened up or greatly reduced in size by reducing the amount of blood flowing.
procedure lasts usually no more than 15-20 minutes, then you need a stationary observation of the patient within 2-4 days.Recovery lasts less than hemorrhoidectomy, also when operations Longo significantly reduced pain in patients.
Limiting conservative treatment or surgery used to treat hemorrhoids - solves only specialist proctologist, based on the stage of the disease, its clinical and patient complaints.
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