Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine

Cervical osteochondrosis - a degenerative disease with a primary lesion of the cervical spine, which manifests itself in reducing buffer and fixation properties of intervertebral disc and compensation of these changes restructuring bone and adaptation ligament-muscular neck machine.

changes in the intervertebral discs develop at an earlier age than in other parts of the spine.Weak ligaments and muscular system, diet and a sedentary lifestyle are the reasons that the first signs of degenerative disc disease often diagnosed already at high school students.

symptoms of degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine

As a rule, even the appearance of poorly defined symptoms of degenerative disc disease is a sign of pathological changes in the intervertebral discs of a minimum period of six months or more.Most often it is a feeling of discomfort and stiffness in the muscles of the neck and neck area, headache and vertigo when turning the head or extension of the neck, the crunch when driving.

Some patients are concerned about pain in the shoulder joints, feeling of "pins and needles" and numbness in the hands, limiting range of motion and weakness in their muscle strength as well as fatigue.

If time does not eliminate the initial symptoms of degenerative disc disease, they gradually progresses and can cause more serious changes:

  • increased mobility between the bones, which leads to compression of the nerve roots, blood vessels, spinal cord (developing radiculitis, periarthritis, etc.);
  • intervertebral disc protrusion, disc herniation with compression of cervical nerve roots and the spinal cord;
  • violation of cerebral circulation due to compression of the vertebral arteries and impaired blood flow in the vertebrobasilar basin, which may lead to fainting and even stroke.

to remove the aggravation and prevent further development of the process at the first signs of degenerative disc disease should consult a doctor.

main methods of diagnosis of cervical degenerative disc disease

  • City and functional X-rays of the cervical spine.
  • Computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging.
  • Doppler vascular neck with color mapping.
  • Electroneuromyography.
  • angiography of the neck vessels.

Basic principles of treatment of degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine

To achieve a stable therapeutic effect of combined therapy is prescribed in accordance with the nature of the symptoms, the data of instrumental methods of examination, the characteristics of the process and the general health of the patient.

For maximum rest and unloading function, as well as for pain in acute patient usually recommend wearing a collar Schantz.Then assign treatment to eliminate spasm in muscles, restoring blood circulation and prevent the development of contractures in the ligament-muscular system of the neck massage, physiotherapy, physical therapy, reflexology.

After removing the exacerbation is developing individual treatment and preventive measures aimed at preventing the further development of osteochondrosis and its repeated exacerbations massage, manual therapy, balneotherapy, reflexology, spa treatment, etc.

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