Rubella is a viral disease, the incubation period is an average of 15-20 days.In the external environment is unstable and rubella virus dies quickly under the influence of disinfectants.Infection occurs through airborne droplets, which leads to quick spread of the disease.
minimum period of time for the manifestation of the main symptoms of the disease (rash) is more than 10 days.Elements of the rash in the form of round or oval red spots are located on the intact skin and spread to various parts of the body (on the face, neck, arms, back, and buttocks).
Other symptoms of the disease include:
Typically, the disease is of medium severity and without treatment can cause many complications requiring immediate hospitalization.
In mild rubella shown plenty of warm drinks and the use of symptomatic drugs that eliminate the pain, itching, and other symptoms of the disease.In the acute phase of the disease it is recommended bed rest and the possible prevention of contact with others.
greatest danger of rubella virus poses to pregnant women, as mother's disease can lead to the development of the syndrome of multiple defects of the unborn child.
If reliable epidemiological confirmation of rubella infection in the first trimester of pregnancy is often an indication for its interruption.In utero infection with rubella at a later date appoint a pregnant woman an injection of immunoglobulin and other measures to maintain the health of the fetus.
Natural susceptibility to rubella virus is quite high, and the infection affects mostly women of childbearing age in the age group 20-29 years.Antibodies to rubella virus are produced in individuals who have had the disease or vaccination.
For the prevention of disease using vaccination or monovalent living polymer according to the vaccination schedule.When planning a pregnancy, vaccination is carried out at least three months before pregnancy.
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