Acute heart failure in the facts

Acute heart failure in the facts
One of the most frequent causes of death worldwide - acute heart failure.

Acute heart failure - an island which developed a condition in which the heart does not support the circulation of the blood at a level sufficient to meet the body's needs.Clinical manifestations of acute heart failure develop within a few minutes or hours.

Acute heart failure - an island which developed a condition in which the heart does not support the circulation of the blood at a level sufficient to meet the body's needs.Clinical manifestations of acute heart failure develop within a few minutes or hours.

who develop acute heart failure

Almost all diseases of the cardiovascular system may be complicated by the development of acute heart failure.However, the main reasons are:

- myocardial infarction (which develops when the blood supply to the heart muscle violation);

- myocarditis (inflammation of the myocardium of the disease);

- it caused acute cardiac arrhythmias;

- a sudden increase in blood pressure (hyperte

nsive crisis);

- which developed acute valvular insufficiency (eg, myocardial infarction, or infection of the valves);

- quickly stepping worsening congestive heart failure;

- pulmonary embolism;

- cardiac injury.

However, not only the pathology of the heart can lead to such life-threatening conditions, acute heart failure may develop in patients with severe lung or bronchial asthma inflammation, in patients with anemia and in patients with elevated thyroid function (thyrotoxicosis).

Manifestations of acute heart failure

Depending on the affected parts of the heart are acute left ventricular and right ventricular failure acute.Weakened heart muscle does not provide optimum blood circulation, which leads to stagnation of blood in the development of organs and tissues.In most cases, there is an acute left ventricular failure in which there is congestion in the lungs and pulmonary edema develops.The patient has a feeling of lack of air, up to suffocation;a cough, first dry then with copious quantities of sputum foamy pink color (due to the presence of blood impurities).

patient takes a forced poluvozvyshennoe or sitting position with the lowered feet (position orthopnea).Thus, the patient becomes easier to breathe.There is a strong sense of anxiety and fear of death.The skin is pale, sometimes with a bluish tinge, covered with cold sweat.

Acute heart failure is a life-threatening condition.With the development of congestive heart failure must be an emergency medical intervention, all patients are hospitalized in the Cardiac Intensive Care Unit.When failure to provide medical care possible death.

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