Genital herpes is sick half the world's population

Genital herpes is sick half the world
The disease is often asymptomatic.Scientists are excited by how often the virus can be transmitted through unprotected sex, leading to infection of an increasing number of people.

infected mother in 30-50% of cases of transfers, the virus without knowing the child about how much he could hurt the baby.

are two types of herpes simplex virus - HSV-1 (HSV-1) and HSV-2 (HSV-2).Herpes simplex virus type 2 (genital herpes) is shown the occurrence of genital and adjacent areas of rash in the form of vesicles, filled with clear content, as well as redness of the affected areas.Bubbles burst, forming ulcers that itch and hurt.However, on average, only 10-25% of people are aware of the infection.Some suffer from frequent exacerbations, others experience only 1-2 outbreaks in a lifetime.Most of the disease is asymptomatic.

The virus is transmitted through sexual contact.And even more unpleasant if the infected person does not know anything about it.Many people are diagnosed at the time of analysis for antibodi

es and they do not know what to do with this information.Scientists have conducted a study that revealed the level of possible risk of contracting partner.

Research

In the experiment, participated 498 adults with healthy immune systems, who were diagnosed with "genital herpes".Every day, for one month, participants had to report the occurrence or absence of symptoms and taking a swab from the genitals for subsequent research in the laboratory.

found that 410 participants with obvious symptoms of the disease actively "spread" the virus on average 6 days out of 30. People with asymptomatic disease (or in remission of the disease) could transmit the infection during the 3 days during the smears of30.

The dangerous virus

This study confirmed the importance of safe sex.The scientists stressed that people need to know if they have this kind of virus or they are completely healthy, because in addition to the risk of infecting their partner pregnant women with asymptomatic disease can infect children at birth.The consequences of infection of infants may be irreversible and sometimes fatal.For example, if the mother is infected in the last trimester of pregnancy, the risk of transmitting the virus to the baby reaches 30-50%.In addition HSV-2 virus can lead to complications in people with chronic illnesses, weakening the immune system, thereby increasing the risk of HIV infection.

Protect favorite

people with HSV-2 can protect their partners during sexual intercourse using condoms, as well as taking special drugs.Every such measure reduces the risk of infection by half.

Some people infected with the herpes virus, taking antiviral drugs for years, while others drink them periodically.For example, when they start a new relationship or are in a stressful situation as a negative psychological state can also lead to an exacerbation of herpes.Scientists believe that the decision on the admission of drugs - matter.But to protect the partner during sex are obliged to all infected people.

The study was published in a medical publication Journal of the American Medical Association.

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