Parkinson's Disease : easy to learn , difficult to treat

What is Parkinson's disease and what are its causes, symptoms and treatment.

Parkinson's disease - a serious, progressive disease of the central nervous system, named after the English physician, who in the early XIXveka first described it as "shaking palsy".The disease is manifested disorders of motor function, which is associated with damage to the subcortical structures of the brain that are "responsible" for the hormone - the neurotransmitter dopamine.As a result, reducing its production is changing the relationship between all brain systems that produce neurotransmitters, straying transmission of nerve impulses and the brain begins to regulate motility bad.

Parkinson's disease share with the so-calledParkinson's syndrome.They are similar in symptoms, but the syndrome is due to other degenerative changes in the nervous system.

Statistics

Parkinson's disease - one of the most common neurological pathologies, with more people exposed to it after 60 years.Before that age, it occurs in 1% of th

e population, and after - at 5%, and men are affected by several times more often than women.

Causes

These include hereditary metabolic disorders of catecholamines in the brain, head injury, atherosclerosis, inflammation of the tissues of the brain (encephalitis), intoxication.However, in most cases the cause remains unknown.

Symptoms

  • tremor (shaking) of the body, head and limbs.
  • loss of normal facial expressions, the imaginary "nonchalance" of a person.
  • Confusion and difficulty in movement due to muscle hypertonus.
  • instability in body position, balance disorders.
  • Violations of speech and handwriting.
  • The most common symptoms are more on one side of the body.
  • Less may be a violation of urination, bowel movements, slyunoobrazovaniya.
  • characteristic feature - depressed mood, depression unnecessarily damaged just those parts of the brain that are "responsible" for good mood.
  • Over time, these patients deteriorate in nature.

Treatment

used drugs, normalizing the production of dopamine and acetylcholine - a mediator of nervous excitement, which plays an important role in all vital processes includingmotor.

wires and surgical treatment of Parkinson's disease.Surgeons use the so-calledstereotactic method - minimally invasive method of brain surgery by inserting electrodes in exactly the calculated area of ​​the brain through the millimeter hole in the skull.After the destruction of certain mini-zone in the subcortical structures of the brain symptoms cease.Although it happens that after a long period of time the disease returns.

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