Syringomyelia - a disease with a long history.For a long time the changes in the spinal cord in this disease was only interested pathologists, and they are not associated with symptoms in some patients.The name was given to the disease in 1825.But only in the early twentieth century, syringomyelia has been described as a separate disease with specific symptoms.
When syringomyelia spinal cord pathological cavity formed.The cause of the disease - excessive growth of glial cells.
Glia - an auxiliary substance of the brain, those cells that are located between the neurons.Normally it delivers nerve tissue metabolism, and performs the support function.The resulting defective cells die quickly, so in their place are cavities in which fluid accumulates.Cavities are increasing, squeezing the adjacent neurons
Therefore, with the progression of the disease symptoms of spinal cord lesions.
True syringomyelia - a hereditary disease occurs more frequently in men aged 25 to 40 years.It happens symptomatic syringomyelia due to trauma or tuberculosis infection.
Manifestations of the disease are varied.
Sometimes glial cavity develops in the medulla oblongata - siringobulbiya.This is dangerous in that there is the respiratory center, and with his injury the patient may die from respiratory paralysis.
In addition, these patients develop paralysis of the tongue, soft palate, atrophic changes of facial tissues.
currently incurable disease, but it is progressing very slowly, so patients keep their ability to work.
Currently developing new treatments for the disease, but so far they have not been serious clinical trials.Currently, care for patients is the appointment of drugs that slow the progression of the disease.
widely used radiation therapy - treatment with radioactive iodine, its molecules are irradiated with pathological glia cells, causing their destruction or growth retardation.
In extreme cases, surgery may - drainage cavities, removal of excess fluid.This reduces the pressure on nerve tissue and spinal cord neurons are destroyed slowly.
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