Diarrhea of travelers : what it is

travelers Diarrhea
What to do and what not to do at the first sign of acute intestinal infection caused by E. coli - the so-called traveler's diarrhea.

traveler's diarrhea - is the collective name of the gastro-intestinal infections group, which can be transmitted through the consumption of food prepared in unhygienic conditions.The main causative agent of this disease is considered to be widely known today (European News), the bacterium E. coli - Escherichia coli.

If those who prepared the food, do not wash their hands after using the toilet, the infection could easily get to the product with which they worked, and after the cause of human disease, consume contaminated food.

main infectious agent is a bacterium E or E. coli.

symptoms of traveler's diarrhea

Typical symptoms of E. coli infection include:

  • rapid onset of diarrhea
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Bloating
  • acute urge to defecate
  • discomfort is not excluded weakness
  • sharp and painfulcarminative
  • Colic
  • appetite loss

disease usually lasts 3 to 7

days and very rarely life-threatening.

How to treat traveler's diarrhea caused by E. coli

As with any disease, it is better to consult a doctor rather than trying to treat diarrhea alone.This advice should be perceived as an absolute rule, when it comes to pregnant women and children.

good effect in the treatment of travelers' diarrhea give medications containing bismuth compounds such as bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto Bismol).It is believed that this substance has a devastating effect on the bacteria causing diarrhea.Additionally bismuth subsalicylate anti-inflammatory effect and reduces the production of water gastrointestinal tract, thereby making less watery stools.Typically, preparations containing this substance are well tolerated.The only side effects may be except that the darkening of the tongue and stool.In rare cases, you may have nausea, abdominal pain and tinnitus.Do not take this medication if you are allergic to aspirin, you have kidney failure, gout, and if you are taking anticoagulants, such as probenecid (Benemid, Probalan) or methotrexate (Rematreks).

important stage of the treatment of diarrhea is rehydration therapy, which will make up for water losses and restore the balance of minerals in the body.Doctors are advised to take regeneration solution, which can be found at any drugstore, for example Regidron.Just add the contents of one packet into a container with boiled or distilled water.It is necessary to strictly follow the instructions to comply with the desired proportions.The solution should be taken within 12 hours if stored at room temperature or during the day when it is stored in the refrigerator.the solution can not be stored longer.

reduce the frequency of stools can drugs that reduce peristalsis.They relax muscles thin and / or the colon, whereby the gastrointestinal tract is released slowly.Pain caused by spasm of the intestine also weakened.Drugs that are sold in pharmacies without a prescription - such as Imodium - can cause complications for those who suffer from a serious infection.These medications should not be taken if the diarrhea is accompanied by fever or blood in the stool occurs.

Antibiotics, such as norfloxacin or doxycyline, can shorten the time of illness.for Disease Control Center of the American experts do not recommend taking antibiotics for the treatment of traveler's diarrhea, as this may cause additional problems.Talk to your doctor about taking these drugs.

can not leave without a doctor's examination of diarrhea in infants and children over.Treatment should be administered only a specialist, because the mentioned drugs are not recommended for use in children.After all, the main threat for them, especially for younger children, - dehydration.

Infants breastfed should continue to feed on demand.For babies who are bottle fed, you should prepare infant formula with no lactose or reduced-lactose.Be sure to use a mixture of cooled boiled water.For older children who take a semi-solid and solid foods should not be offering a product that relax.Recommended oak bark decoction and decoction of chamomile.Immediately contact the hospital if the child has signs of dehydration appear: infrequent urination - no more than once in 8-12 hours, and the urine is rare zapaz ammonia, dry mouth, dry, chapped lips.It is important to prevent a life-threatening dehydration condition, which is characterized by high fever, lethargy, baby sleeps most of the time, it is difficult to wake, his sunken eyes, sunken fontanelle, when it comes to babies.

When should you seek medical advice

Medical consultation is urgently needed if:

  • You have an acute attack of diarrhea with blood, or it does not pass in a few days.
  • Diarrhea accompanied by fever and chills.
  • Due to constant vomiting is impossible to retain fluid in the body to prevent dehydration.

How to prevent "traveler's diarrhea"?

In areas with poor sanitary conditions are safe to drink: boiled water, hot drinks - coffee or tea, prepared with boiling water, carbonated drinks from aluminum cans or bottles of beer and wine.Do not use the ice, as it can be prepared from the contaminated water.

safe to drink straight from the bottle or aluminum can, and do not pour a drink into a glass, which can be messy.Wash with boiled water and dry the bottles or cans of land that will be bring to your mouth.

How to make water safe to drink?

Boiling - the most reliable way of disinfecting drinking water.Bring water to a boil, then cool, add the ice.If you are in the mountainous areas, leave the water to boil for a few minutes, or use special disinfectants.It may be chlorine or iodine.Iodine is generally more efficient.

For disinfection, you can use and special solutions, which are sold in a pharmacy.

Carefully read the manufacturer's instructions.If the water is cloudy, filter it using a clean cloth, and double the number of tablets.If the water is very cold, it is necessary to heat it, or wait for the additional time required for disinfection.To improve the taste of water, a pinch of salt can be added while or decant water from one tank to another.

Filters for water should be avoided, since their effectiveness is questionable.

In an extreme case, if there is no nearby source of safe water, it is possible to use much hot water from the tap.However, it should be remembered that the majority of disease-causing organisms survive at ambient temperature tap water overseas hotels, so it is better to boil or disinfect water for drinking.

What precautions should be observed when eating?

should carefully select products.Do not use:

  • Salads
  • Raw vegetables and fruits.If you are pure fruit, then it is safe.
  • Unpasteurized milk and dairy products
  • Raw meat and seafood

food, the heat-treated and is still hot, is usually safe.Although some types of fish preserve toxicity even after cooking.Typically, this tropical fish.So, red snapper, amberjack, grouper and sea bass may be infected, if they were caught in shallow water, rather than in the open ocean.Barracuda and puffer often toxic, they usually can not be eaten.Seafood caught in the Caribbean islands, the tropical regions of the Pacific and Indian oceans may also contain toxins and their consumption should be avoided.

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