Most often patients seek medical help after weeks or even months after the onset of symptoms, which reduces the chances of a successful cure.
Pancreatic cancer is rarely detected in its early stages.At the time of the appearance of any symptoms of cancer diagnosis already usually presents no difficulty.Unfortunately, it is for this reason that pancreatic cancer is difficult to treat, and mortality in this disease is very high.
Of course, the main objectives are to both earlier detection and diagnosis possible.How did this happen?This article will be discussed, primarily adenocarcinoma of the pancreas, which accounts for 95% of cases of cancer of the body.
symptoms of pancreatic cancer are extremely non-specific, meaning they can meet and at a host of other diseases.These signs include pain in the upper abdomen, usually on the left, which can spread to the back or worn shingles character
Pain may increase after a meal or in a horizontal position.It is also noted loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, weight loss (sometimes quite substantial).Maybe jaundice (yellow staining of the skin and sclera) as a result of compression of the growing tumor and biliary disorders of bile outflow.
Physician search the root cause of all these symptoms is based on the following principles:
cancer Based on the physical examination and the results of laboratory examination the doctor may suggest one of the instrumental methods that show the structure of the pancreas and the tumor site:
If Methods instrumental examination revealed pancreatic some education, the diagnosis of cancer is likely, but not yet final.Only biopsy (from fence body tissue sample, followed by examination under a microscope) can confirm the diagnosis of cancer.There are several types of biopsy:
If pancreatic cancer seems very likely, and the tumor can be removed surgically, the doctor may recommend surgery without prior biopsy.
Researchers are constantly looking for new methods for early detection of pancreatic cancer.These include a blood test for cancer markers, ie the biochemical parameters which indicate the presence of malignancy.Such markers carcinoembryonic relates (or carcinoembryonic) antigen and a cancer antigen CA19-9, which level in pancreatic cancer increases.
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