Diarrhea of travelers : Symptoms and Prevention

travelers Diarrhea
syndrome that can greatly damage the long-awaited vacation in a warmer climate - the so-called travelers' diarrhea.

Many vacation faced with unpleasant symptoms: abdominal pain, loose stools, vomiting, flatulence ... It is called the state of travelers' diarrhea.

reason for travelers 'diarrhea

clinical syndrome, which is characterized by triple or more frequent occurrence of unformed stools per day for the people who came to another country, called travelers' diarrhea.This situation is very common in some countries, the risk of developing diarrhea comes to 70%.

Most often such symptoms observed immediately on arrival or within the first two weeks.The causative agents of traveler's diarrhea may be bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and in 80% of cases the cause is the bacteria Escherichia coli.Most often affects people who travel during the rainy season and summer in tropical countries, ie where poor sanitation combines with a hot climate.

Pathogens intestinal infections enter the body when consuming

contaminated food and water.The greatest danger is posed by ice, water, salads, vegetables, fruits with damaged skin, cold appetizers, insufficiently cooked or raw meat, fish, milk, ice cream, dairy products.

higher risk of diarrhea in young children (up to two years) and young adults (21-29 years), as well as people with comorbidities: chronic gastritis with decreased secretion, immunodeficiency states.Matter and genetic factors.For example, people with first blood group of intestinal infections are harder than others.

How to cope with the situation

main symptoms all too familiar: possible vomiting, weakness, fever, flatulence, abdominal pain and, most importantly, frequent stools, which causes dehydration, especially in hot climates

If,while on vacation, you notice high fever, severe vomiting and loose stools - immediately contact your doctor, using health insurance.Dehydration can occur very quickly, and it, in turn, can lead to death.

Mild forms of traveler's diarrhea can be cured on their own, if to collect his traveling first aid kit properly.If the disease begins with vomiting, can enhance its effect, having a gastric lavage - just boiled water or a weak solution of potassium permanganate.Then take chelators.Also, each meal to the normalization of the chair must be accompanied by taking enzymes.However, the main treatment - is rehydration therapy, ie measures aimed at eliminating dehydration.This can be rehydrated salt stock preparations for oral administration, which is diluted just boiled water and drink, and the solution can be prepared independently.The recipe is simple: 8 tsp..sugar, 1 hr. l.salt, lemon juice or orange - dilute it with boiled water to liters.Drink should be warm solution every 10-15 minutes in small sips.

After the acute period are advised to take drugs that normalize the intestinal microflora.

traveler's diarrhea - an unpleasant but relatively mild disease, not life-threatening.Severe can be observed in children.Please be aware that dehydration occurs in children more quickly, so immediately in the event of corresponding symptoms in the child, contact your doctor.

Prevention of traveler's diarrhea

basic principle of prevention of traveler's diarrhea - personal hygiene:

  • wash your hands frequently
  • drink only bottled water (it is necessary to brush your teeth)
  • , order in restaurants drinks without ice, and avoid dairybeverages, ice cream
  • not buy food on the street, try to eat in the audited locations
  • not order raw meat and fish dishes
  • thoroughly wash fruits and vegetables before eating.

And the main thing - even going to the south of Russia, gather the necessary preparations for the treatment of traveler's diarrhea in your first aid kit so that they are right at your fingertips.

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