intestinal infections and their treatment

intestinal infections
Epidemiologists say the seasonal rise in the number of intestinal infections diseases.What you need to know in order not to poison this summer.

Summer - hot time for workers infectious departments of hospitals: has been a sharp increase in the number of intestinal infections at this time of year.Often, the summer people lose vigilance and forget the basic rules of hygiene, do not wash their hands before they eat ice cream on a hot day, or buying dubious food from street vendors.

Causes of intestinal infections

Summer - hot time for the workers of infectious hospital departments.And this is due to the fact that the summer has been a sharp increase in the number of intestinal infections.Often, the summer people lose vigilance and forget the basic rules of hygiene, do not wash their hands before they eat ice cream on a hot day, or buying dubious food from street vendors.Intestinal infections occur in the use of pathogen with food or water.For starters let's look at the one who is known to all of us in

digestion.Resulting infections may develop intestinal bacteria, bacterial toxins or viruses.The main intestinal infections include:

  • dysentery;
  • salmonellosis;
  • staphylococcus food poisoning;
  • cholera;
  • enterovirus and rotavirus infection in children.

microbes isolated from a sick person, get into the environment, where they not only did not die, but retain the ability to reproduce and multiply they are most active in warm and humid conditions, which is why the ideal place for their reproduction are the products storedout of the refrigerator.Just a favorable environment for the development of microbes are dairy and meat products.The connection of individual forms of acute intestinal infections with types of foods.So, dysentery often arises in the use of milk and dairy products, intestinal infections caused by staphylococcus, when consuming dairy products and pastry cream, yersiniosis usually develop in the use of raw vegetables, salads and other vegetable products.

Mouth microbes enter the stomach and then into the intestine, where they begin to proliferate.After getting germs in the body occurs asymptomatic period, which lasts, in most cases, 6-48 hours.Symptoms of the disease causing microbes themselves, and toxins secreted by them.Intestinal infections can occur in the form of acute gastritis (vomiting and pain in eivote), enteritis (with diarrhea), gastroenteritis (vomiting and diarrhea), colitis (blood in the stool), enterocolitis (with the defeat of the intestine).

Symptoms of intestinal infections

At the beginning of disease a person may feel weakness, lethargy, loss of appetite, headache, fever - symptoms that resemble the usual ARI.But after a while nausea and vomiting, appear cramping abdominal pain, diarrhea with mucus, pus or blood.Since some acute intestinal infection accompanied by frequent and copious vomiting, sometimes in combination with diarrhea, a person can lose a lot of water, so it can disturb the thirst and chills.

for coliform infections are characterized by the following symptoms:

  • fever;
  • nausea, vomiting;
  • abdominal pain;
  • diarrhea;
  • excessive flatulence (flatulence)

How to prevent infection?

  • not recommended to purchase products in questionable places;
  • not buy watermelons and melons are cut in the form of, as germs from the surface easily penetrate and continue to multiply there;
  • vegetables and fruit before eating should be thoroughly washed under running water;
  • should not drink tap water, it is better to use boiled or bottled water;
  • all foods should be kept closed in a clean container, perishable within acceptable terms in the refrigerator;
  • ready-to-eat foods stored separately from raw foods;
  • salads and vinaigrettes best to eat immediately after cooking, in extreme cases, they can be stored in the refrigerator for no more than 12 hours;
  • foods if they remain on the next day, they must be subjected to heat treatment;
  • milk bought in the market for private individuals to use only after boiling;
  • strictly observe good personal hygiene: wash your hands with soap and water before preparing or eating food, after using the toilet, walking on the street.

How to treat?

  1. If you still have contracted an intestinal infection, then for a speedy recovery should be aware of the following: In most cases, treatment of intestinal infections does not depend on the causative agent.As a rule, the treatment of intestinal infections started before the receipt of test results.intestinal infections Treatment is aimed at:
  2. fight germs (antibiotic);
  3. combat dehydration - the volume of fluid injected in intestinal infections depends on the degree of dehydration.As a general rule, to address a lack of fluid in patients with intestinal infections administered saline solutions, for example, Regidron;
  4. elimination of diarrhea - to eliminate diarrhea using sorbents (chelators) in intestinal infections.When intestinal infections following adsorbents are used: smectite, activated carbon;
  5. dieting;

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