Amebiasis : from dirty hands to intestinal ulcers

Amebiasis : from dirty hands to intestinal ulcers
All you need to know about invasive intestinal infection, which, according to WHO estimates, infected every tenth inhabitant of the Earth.What is amebiasis?

Amoebiasis, as well as giardiasis, refers to invasive intestinal infection.It called it protozoa Entamoeba histolytica- so-calleddysentery amoeba.The disease is often protracted and chronic course, entails ulcerative lesions of the colon and the formation of abscess lesions in other organs.

Amoebas in the gut

This parasite has a life cycle of 2 - vegetative (active) and cystic (at rest).Representatives vegetative form actively introduced in large intestine wall in the case of acute amebiasis found in feces.But cysts, ie, inactive forms of amoebae are found in the feces of recovering from acute amoebiasis or suffer a chronic course of his person, as well as people who are carriers of amoebas.

Infection occurs as always in the case of such infections by the fecal-oral route, through unwashed hands, contaminated food and water.Especially in t

he summer of frequency.

The human digestive tract fall cysts in the large intestine they are "back to life", penetrate the mucous membrane of the intestine, multiply there, causing multiple abscesses intestinal tissue.In the most serious cases, it can happen even perforation of the wall of the intestine and peritonitis.Healing ulcers occur with the formation of scarring and narrowing of the lumen of the gut until the obstruction.

extra-intestinal amebiasis

Through blood vessels amoeba intestine submucosa may fall to other organs and then develops:

  • Amebiaz liver.
  • Amebiaz lungs.
  • skin amebiasis.

All these types of amebiasis manifest local abscesses.

symptoms of amebiasis

  • weakness and low-grade fever.
  • fetid liquid mucous stools (in the early days up to 5 times a day, and then - up to 15-20 times).
  • Cramping pain in the right iliac region and in the lower abdomen.

Diagnosis and treatment of amebiasis

Laboratory analyzes of stool immediately after defecation indicate the presence of autonomic (in the case of acute course) or cystic (in the case of chronic course) amoebae forms and rectal examination of the intestine - ulcers on the walls of the colon.It is important to distinguish from other intestinal amoebiasis infections with similar symptoms caused by other microorganisms.

For the treatment used strong drugs - amebotsidy that can directly affect all life forms of the parasite, as well as antibiotics, acting on amoebas indirectly.Forecast favorable treatment of amoebiasis, if the process has long passed into multiple abscesses, and they have not been diagnosed in time, the patient may even face death.

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