Hypothyroidism : a dangerous deficit

Hypothyroidism : a dangerous deficit
hypothyroidism (hypothyroidism), according to statistics, is one of the most frequent endocrine zabolevaniy.Pochemu thyroid is under-active and than it threatens man.

Statistically hypothyroidism (hypothyroidism) thyroid gland is one of the most common endocrine diseases, probably because most of the world's population live in areas distant from the sea and gets a little iodine.As is the case with excessive synthesis of these hormones (hyperthyroidism), there is a failure in the circuit "the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid" of the thyroid hormone thyroxine, triiodothyronine and calcitonin begins to produce too little to ensure that they are well performed its roleactive and essential regulators of metabolic processes.

When slowing metabolism (protein, fat, etc.) Processes deteriorating the work of all organs and systems.There are problems with the heart and blood vessels, the work of the gastrointestinal tract, nervous system suffers, decreased sexual activity, but it all happens so gradually that one

for a long time can not ignore the symptoms.This familiar with the concept "I feel bad, but tomorrow I will be better?"

Symptoms of hypothyroidism

When worsening condition in the presence of the following symptoms:

  • Fatigue, apathy.
  • Reduced cognitive abilities and memory.
  • hair loss and dry skin (including characteristic dry and dark skin on the elbows)
  • Constipation.
  • Obesity and swelling.
  • Decreased libido and deterioration of potency in men.
  • failure of the menstrual cycle in women

Complications hypothyroidism

If the patient is weak, if it is in old age, he could face a hypothyroid coma with complete loss of consciousness and oppression of all body functions.

Treatment of hypothyroidism

Endocrinologist prescribe thyroid hormones - those who do not have enough body, and to the dosage that meets the needs of the patient.Unfortunately, a lack of thyroid function involves receiving such drugs lifelong.If one of the causes of the disease is the lack of iodine intake, it also appointed agents or dietary supplements containing iodine.It is recommended to enrich the diet of marine fish, seaweed and seafood (clams, shrimp, squid).

very important not to miss a drop in thyroid hormones, one way or another over the years, the patient's condition will only get worse, and hypothyroidism in children can lead to delayed physical growth and mental development.The same results are possible only when there is insufficient level of iodine in the body.

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