Hydrochloric acid is isolated parietal cells, most of which are located in the upper part of the stomach (cardiac part of the body).
Normal gastric acidity (pH) on an empty stomach is 1.6-2 units (7 units -. A neutral environment).In other words, when it is less than 1.5 pH fasting talk about acidity of the stomach (hyperacidity states).As regulated
acidity in the stomach gastric acidity during the day varies widely.It depends entirely on the meals (eating phase) and is regulated by reflex.
Situational (transient) increased acidity of the stomach occurs in response to the excitement of the nervous system (stress) and the use of poorly chewed, fatty, fried, spicy, salty, hot food, alcohol, coffee, with overeating andet al.
If stress becomes chronic and local irritating factors are regularly present in food, increased acidity of the stomach becomes chronic, and the risk of acid diseases (gastritis, ulcers, GERD, etc.) is increased.
Infection with Helicobacter Pylori is not necessary, but sufficient for the development of gastric hyperacidity.
Increased gastric acidity does not always need a laboratory confirmation.Typically, medical history and clinical data for diagnostic giperatsidnyh enough states.
In doubtful cases, appoint intragastric pH meter.Fractional sensing stomach and determine the pH of gastric juice for urine is not used because of the large uncertainties techniques.
Situational increased acidity of the stomach is not clinically evident or noteworthy.Healthy mucous membrane of the stomach, esophagus and duodenum successfully resist single giperatsidnym attacks.
dyspeptic symptoms (various gastric pain, heartburn, belching, etc.) Occur when the acidity of the stomach leads to acid disorders.So do not allow long-term violations of diet and excessive nerve loads that initially occur without apparent clinical symptoms.
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