When knee pain be sure to consult your doctor for a comprehensive examination.Check have two opinions: the sick and the healthy, and then to compare the results.The doctor will also look to see if the nerves and blood vessels are damaged.
Thus, the physician should:
Makmyurreya test is carried out if a doctor suspected a problem with the meniscus after studying the medical history and performing all of the above inspection steps.During the test, the patient lies on a table, the doctor is taken with one hand on his knee, the other - the patient's foot.The doctor lifts the leg, bending it at the knee, at the same time presses on the knee and rotates the leg.If the patient feels pain, heard and felt a Clicking in the knee, you can talk about the damage to the meniscus.
In some cases it is advisable to carry out arthroscopy.For her, the doctor uses a special tool that allows you to identify the weakness of the knee joint.Arthroscopy is indispensable in cases where patient movement is difficult, he complains of severe pain in the joint, or the size of the patient's normal inspection difficult.The arthroscope is equipped with two optical sensors and manual pressure amplification function by means of which the doctor increases or decreases the pressure on the knee.The device is attached to the tibia so that the sensors are disposed on the kneecap and on the lip of the tibia.
inspection may also include other tests, which will allow the doctor to assess the extent of the damage and identify violations in other parts of the knee joint.
In general, the knee is considered healthy if the results of the survey are as follows:
If any of these items is not true, for example, the pain is felt when pressed, perhaps we are talking about a knee injury.But the knee inspection results vary depending on whether it is produced damage in acute or chronic symptoms, as well as depending on the amount of time elapsed since the injury.Therefore, a mismatch the above is not necessarily evidence of abuse of the knee.The physician is guided by data examination and medical history.
All the tests give accurate information about the state of the joint only when the swelling of the knee small or non-existent, if the patient is able to relax the leg, and the doctor is free to move it.Otherwise it will be difficult to achieve accurate inspection results.
If knee hot, red or very swollen, you may need to make a puncture knee joint to remove fluid from the cavity.Puncture allows:
Local anesthetics can be applied after the removal of fluid to relieve pain and facilitate the inspection and can be examined under general or spinal anesthesia before the arthroscopy knee.
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