Bronchial asthma in adults

incidence of asthma is growing every year.According to statistics, it affects up to 7% of the population of our planet.Asthma can begin in childhood, but more often it develops in adults.

Asthma is more common in areas with a cold climate and in industrial areas.Often, parents of children with asthma also suffer from allergies.

According to the national program, the main thing in the treatment of asthma is to achieve control of the disease.This means that the patient should not be a daily manifestations of the disease cough, shortness of breath.Exacerbations should occur rarely and with light (not heavy) attacks.The need for emergency preparations, removing bronchospasm, should be minimal.An important requirement is that no limitation of physical activity, which means the patient must be able to serve himself, no problem to get to work, go on vacation, and so on.The ideal result in the control of disease is considered to be the achievement of a long period of asthma remission, ie a period without symp

toms of the disease.

especially careful should be the treatment of atopic asthma, since it is based on the type of immediate reaction, quickly forming the attack.In addition, to prevent a bacterial infection, which is heavier and course of the disease, and current treatment.When atopic form of the disease reduced the protective factors of cellular immunity, such patients are prone to bacterial and viral infections.It is necessary to pay attention to the sputum: sputum light in inflammation of the airways, and yellow or green, especially malodorous sign of infection.

moderate Bronchial asthma is characterized by the frequency of seizures: more than 1 time per week.At the same time there are night attacks, which do not take place without the use of drugs.The period of remission (complete absence seizures) usually lasts no more than three months.Between attacks, patients feel well but can be kept coughing.

Patients with moderate bronchial asthma should be with a nebulizer, regardless of the stage of illness or travel time, and in patients with atopic asthma and mild.What are inhalants?For the treatment of bronchial asthma medication inhalers are available as the most convenient and fast way of administration into the airways.In this method of introducing practically no side effects compared with taking medication orally or by injection.Adults are usually prescribed dose aerosols.If you have any trouble using the spacers.The spacer is an intermediate tank, a medicine is supplied into it from a container of the inhaler, and then inhaled by the patient.There are powder inhalers (turbuhayler, diskhayler, tsiklohayler), and nebulizers.This nebulizer inhalers, which "break" the liquid drug to very small particles, so-called "Nebula", whereby drug penetrates even into the smallest bronchi.Particularly effective is the use of nebulizers which atomize the liquid medication in aerosol mist using ultrasound.

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