How to become a donor

How to become a donor
By becoming a donor, people come for various reasons, among them - the desire of humanity to contribute to the completion of the blood bank, the desire to save someone's life or emergency situation, in which the donation is the only solution.How to become a donor, what is required of him, and when the donation is not possible?

Whatever guided by the potential donor, there are a number of conditions under which it is denied from taking the donor material.

Before becoming a donor, a person undergoes a medical examination, and if identified contraindications to donate blood, bone marrow or other biomaterial is impossible.

How to become a blood donor

blood and blood components - the hottest biomaterial, it is relatively easy to give up, so blood donors more than any other.

blood donors can become a citizen 18 years or older and weighing at least 50 kg in the absence of medical contraindications - temporary or absolute.

Temporary contraindications make it impossible donation only on some particular,

the statutory period, which depends on the cause.

Among the main temporary contraindications are:

  • transferred less than a month ago respiratory viral diseases, influenza, sore throat and other infections;
  • made less than a year ago, tattoos, body piercing;
  • spent less than a year ago, acupuncture treatment;
  • pregnancy and lactation (less than one year and less than three months ago, respectively);
  • tooth extraction (less than 10 days prior to blood sampling);
  • menstruation, after which it took less than 5 days;
  • abortion, conducted less than six months ago;
  • series of inoculations with different time-barred;
  • taking certain medications or alcohol (for the period from 2 to 30 days prior to blood sampling).

Absolute contraindications to giving blood and its components do not depend on the period of limitation causes that made the donation possible.

With a pretty extensive list of absolute contraindications can be found in detail denote the most common:

  • HIV infection, syphilis, viral hepatitis;
  • tuberculosis;
  • blood diseases;
  • cancer;
  • mental illness;
  • cardiovascular disease;
  • organic diseases of the central nervous system;
  • metabolic diseases;
  • number of diseases of the respiratory system, digestive system, kidney and urinary tract;
  • lack of hearing and speech;
  • surgery for resection and transplantation of internal organs;
  • alcoholism and drug addiction.

How to become a bone marrow donor

This kind of donation - a real salvation of human life, suffering from cancer.Hematopoietic stem cells in the bone marrow, can completely restore the process of hematopoiesis and immune system of the patient.

Before becoming a bone marrow donor, a person must be a blood donor, having passed the necessary tests.

Contraindications for bone marrow donation are very similar with contraindications to blood donation.The main ones are:

  • age less than 18 or more than 55 years;
  • hepatitis B or C in history;
  • tuberculosis;
  • malaria;
  • cancer;
  • mental disorders;
  • carriers of HIV infection;
  • autoimmune diseases.

contraindication may be the presence of diseases of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems, as these diseases are caused by poor tolerability of general anesthesia.

Before you become a donor, you must be aware that potential donors of bone marrow, biomaterial which approached the patient, with the agreement to become a real contributor is a great human responsibility: do not give up the donation procedure in less than 10 days prior to its implementation, as thisthreatens the patient (due to medical begun preparations for the transplant biomaterial) fatal.

How to become a donor kidney

in our body the kidneys - paired organ, but that does not mean that one kidney "extra", the absence of one kidney can cause drastic lifestyle changes and even disability.

in Russia in order to avoid criminal component donation of internal organs according to the law the voluntary donor kidney can only be a blood relative.Permitted transplant healthy body of a deceased person with the consent of his relatives.

From a medical point of view, the main contraindication to kidney donation are:

  • age less than 18 or more than 60 years;
  • cancer;
  • cardiovascular disease, hypertension;
  • diabetes;
  • incompatibility of blood types of the recipient and the donor.

for kidney donation is tested compatibility and other genetic information, of course, checked renal function.

Before becoming a donor, a person passes all the tests several times, held an interview with the medical staff and psychologists.

Any donation requires that the donor charity, courage and responsibility.This step is worthy of great respect, that saves the life of another person.

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