What is a cesarean section

history of this method of delivery, and the use of cons.

Over the past decade, a caesarean section received very widespread.At the moment, it became possible to perform this operation on the woman's request, and now this operation is fundamental in obstetrics.

Mention of caesarean section found in almost all medical writings of antiquity.But in the past the only indication for it was the death of a pregnant woman, since the conditions of the operation did not allow a woman to survive.

official history of this variety of surgical delivery is counted from the end of the VII century BC, when the Roman emperor Numa Pompilius issued a law banning to bury dead pregnant without first extracting the baby from the womb.This law was gradually introduced in all European countries and exists to this day.Although the Arab States the situation is different: the Qur'an does not permit the caesarean section on a dead woman.

first reliable mention of a successful operation on a living woman refers to 1610 and was do

ne in Wittenberg.In Russia, the first operations were performed in 1842.Before the discovery of antiseptics by cesarean perished about 80% of women.Since the beginning of the era of antiseptics, this figure dropped to 50%.

story itself operation is also quite ambiguous.At first it was thought that the uterus after removal of the child can not sew.After the uterus began to remove to prevent infection and bleeding.Since then much has changed.The era of antibiotics and powerful aseptic preparations allowed to do surgery is practically safe.But today, doctors of various schools do not stop to argue, whose method of operation is better and safer for both mother and child.

Nevertheless, cesarean section should be carried out strictly according to the indications for which the mother can not give birth to herself.And there are several reasons:

  • Caesarean section increases the risk of neonatal maladjustment (the passage through the birth canal starts work adaptation of the child system, without which its existence is at great risk);
  • during the operation and postoperative complications often arise that threaten the health and sometimes life mothers;
  • after cesarean section scar on the uterus is hampering during a subsequent pregnancy (and sometimes and delivery);
  • possible anesthetic complications;
  • number of researchers noted that women after cesarean section may have problems with breastfeeding.

Today the problem of Caesarean section is discussed at least roughly in the medical community, rather than two centuries ago.Changed controversial topics, but the problems associated with this operation until you run out.In an opinion of scientists today all countries converge: the unjustified expansion of indications for cesarean section and perform this operation on the woman's desire to have not led to the solution of all obstetric problems, and, on the other hand, gave rise to new challenges.

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