In the cells of the body is continuously hard at work: constantly synthesized proteins, fats and carbohydrates.Simultaneously, the splitting of complex organic compounds and release of energy.
formed in this decomposition products - urea, ammonia and carbon dioxide - must be excreted from the body.All these processes are only possible with the participation of water.Water is not only an essential component of all cells, but also the basis of the interstitial fluid, plasma, lymph, and digestive juices.
Water plays a key role in protein synthesis.Enzymes gastric, pancreatic and intestinal juices, which are based on the same part of the water is digested protein components of food into amino acids, which are released into the bloodstream and are carried to the body's cells.And in cells synthesize proteins required for an organism.So t
Carbohydrates - the main source of energy in the body.Enzymes saliva, pancreatic and intestinal juices from food digested carbohydrates into glucose, which is absorbed by the small intestine into the blood.With an excess of it is deposited in the liver as a strategic reserve of the organism in the form of glycogen.Inverse transformation and delivery is possible also thanks to the aquatic environment, ie blood.
formation of fat in the body is also not possible without water.Fats food by enzymes gastric, pancreatic and intestinal juices are split into fatty acids and glycerol.In the small intestine are formed fat.In an emulsion it is transported in the lymph, and together with it into the bloodstream.Excess fat deposited in the body and used as an energy source.Participation
water, affecting the metabolism, generates energy in the body.It has a large heat capacity - 4200 J / (kg · K).Therefore, it is a kind of temperature regulation in the human body.And it maintains the body temperature in accordance with ambient temperature.
Water is a medium for the safe removal of toxins and waste products (carbon dioxide, ammonia, uric acid, etc.).At day healthy adult organism can provide about 3 liters of liquid: in the urinary tract, rectum, lungs and sweat glands.Therefore, to ensure normal metabolism every day a person must fill the volume of fluid consumed.This is an average of 2.5-3 liters of water.
Lack of water in the body can lead to serious diseases.The drinking diet should prevail clean drinking or mineral water.
Need to know: most people consume liquids (tea, coffee, sodas, alcohol, etc.) Contain substances that act to the opposite effect - contribute to the removal of water from the cells of the body, and do not saturate them with the necessary liquid.