Bacteria and viruses are on board the aircraft : the dangerous journey

What to do if you find yourself at an altitude of 10 thousand. Meters surrounded by sneezing and coughing people ...

According to several studies, the average air travelers often suffer from infectious diseases than those who prefer to travel by land or sea.One source indicates that the risk of catching SARS during the flight increases by 20%, and holidays, when planes are loading the whole family with all their luggage - gifts and bacteria - are a period of increased risk for those who want to protect themselves from infection.

Tourist metapoiskovik Jizo.ru, which specializes in finding cheap flights, produced useful recommendations on how to protect themselves and their journey from the harmful bacteria at an altitude of 10 thousand. meters above the ground.

blame stale air

Airlines introduce modern air filtration systems that prevent the spread of influenza and other viral infections.Scott McCartney, journalist edition The Wall Street Journal, has prepared material on how not to get sick

during the flight.

most common cause of all the troubles called recirculated air in the cabin, but studies have shown that high-efficiency air filters (HEPA), which is now equipped with most jets, retain 99.97% of the strains of bacteria and viruses.In this case, when the system is turned off when a long waiting on the ground or for short periods when boarding and alighting of passengers, infections begin to spread like wildfire.

In 2003, the US Federal Aviation Administration has issued a recommendation for the airline, which is prescribed to deduce the passengers from the plane if for 30 minutes air recirculation is not performed, but the adherence to this requirement is still not mandatory ...

main danger

The main danger comes from the mouths, noses and hands sitting next to you people.According to a July study published in the Bulletin of Emerging Infectious Diseases (new infections), the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the infection zone - it is usually two seats in front of you, two - for you, as well as the right and left of you.

There are several factors that significantly increase your chances of bringing relatives as a souvenir cough or runny nose.First, air at 10 thousand meters -. Fertile breeding ground for bacteria and viruses.They bloom riotous color in conditions of low humidity, and the air in the aircraft is usually very dry.Dried mucous membrane can not effectively block infection, does not add optimism and our common condition: being at high altitude, we will quickly get tired, and fatigue, as you know, makes the body more vulnerable to respiratory diseases.

In addition, viruses and bacteria can persist for a long time on some surfaces - it is proved that the individual particles remain active until the day!Folding tables can be contaminated, and pockets on the seatbacks, clogged with paper handkerchiefs, dirty towels and garbage - direct source of infection.It is hard to even imagine what germs lurk in pillows and blankets, which are given in the plane.

Transfer

infection studies demonstrate how easily transmitted infections.

track the spread of the H1N1 influenza virus from one to the other passengers on long-haul flights in 2009, Australian researchers have found that when landing the plane strain of the virus was present in the body of 2% and 5% of the passengers are sick for a week after landing.

risk of contracting the H1N1 virus for economy class passengers was 3.6% higher than if they were sitting in the next two rows of those who have symptoms already evident during the flight.This, in turn, increased the risk of disease after the flight to 7.7% for the passengers present in the "hot zone".

According to a study in 2009, the risk of contracting H1N1 flu for Tourist Class passengers increased by 7.5% if they were sitting at two locations adjacent to the patient.

risk area with an epidemic of acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2002-2003.It proved to be more extensive.The flight, which examined the experts, one of the passengers conveyed virus strain man, who was seven series, while the people in the neighboring seats are not infected.

The majority of passengers whose seats are next to an infected person is most likely not be infected."When we climb on board the aircraft, we often do not have the opportunity to choose who will sit next to us.But this does not mean that we are destined to catch the flu, "- says Mark Hendry, Specialist Clinical Center Lahey in Boston.

In 2005 he was a member of the group, published an article in the medical bulletin of The Lancet, which argued that the perceived risk for travelers is much higher than the real one.Experts argue that this situation persists today.

Precautions

Yet passengers are advised to observe some basic precautions to protect themselves from cough and cold.

Avoid dehydration.Drink water and ensure wetting of the nasal passages with a saline solution using - it will significantly reduce the risk of infection in the body.

Wipe your hands with antiseptic gel on alcohol base.We often bring themselves into an organism infection, when to touch the lips, nose or eyes with hands that have lifted something from the floor.

Use antibacterial wipes to clean the folding table before using.

Do not touch the pockets on the seatbacks.

Open air vent and point it so that air blew in your face.The cleaned air will help you to keep transmitted by airborne droplets of the disease away from your body.

Odakyu, if your neighbor sneezes, coughs or has an unhealthy appearance.Maybe it packed to the plane and you do not succeed, but it's worth it.Sneezing once a person starts on a flight to 30,000 drops, and the range of their flight could be up to 2 meters.

If the air circulation system is switched off for a long time, tell the crew.

Do not use blankets and pillows that are on board (if you can find).

«If you take the necessary precautions, everything should go smoothly, - said Dr. Hendry.- Most of our immune system is working properly and does what it should be - to protect us, and minimizes the risk of infection. "

We wish you a pleasant flight!

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