mites Season : Safety Reminder

mites Season : Safety Reminder
With the onset of warm days are activated mites.They can serve as carriers of the different, including very dangerous diseases.We have prepared a brief overview of these diseases.

important to remember that the primary means of prevention is to protect from a tick bite: if you go to a park, field or forest, get dressed so that the tick has not made it to the skin: mandatory long sleeves, tight sleeves, collars, pants should be on top of the boots, be sure to wear a headdress.Use repellents (sprays, ointments).

Returning inspect places on the body, which could lurk mites (scalp, skin folds).The mite may for a long time hiding in the clothing or crawl over the skin before suck.

In some regions of our country ticks are more active in the pastures, in the other - near rivers, in the third - in the woods.

When the tick bite found highly desirable to deliver to the laboratory to determine whether it is a carrier of infection.To remove a tick, you can use the thread, tying it closer to the proboscis and s

tretching the thread in hand.

  • can not push stuck tick: the virus is in its entrails.
  • can not tear the tick from the skin: thus come off the head, and the virus is found in the salivary glands.
  • tick must be delivered to the laboratory alive as possible.
  • After removing the tick carefully wash the wound with alcohol or iodine.

Diseases carried by ticks

What

Tick-borne encephalitis

Who is to blame

arbovirus of the flavivirus genus

Where

encephalitis can be transmitted in the forest and taiga regions of Russia.The disease is most common in Siberia, the Urals and in the Urals, the Far East, in the Leningrad and Kaliningrad regions.But lately, dangerous ticks are found in the central zone, including the Moscow region.

How to protect

Vaccination against tick-borne encephalitis virus protects against disease by 95%.Vaccination can be done for free in the public vaccination centers.

However, if you go in the country, is still necessary means of individual protection against ticks.

What

Lyme Disease

Who is to blame

bacteria Borrelia, the family of spirochetes

Where

Lyme disease can threaten the bite of a tick in the Leningrad, Kaliningrad, Tver, Yaroslavl, Kostroma, Perm, Tyumen regions in the Komi Republic,in the Urals, Western Siberia and the Far East.

My story

disease chameleon

When

Peak incidence: April-June, August-October

How to protect

vaccines against Lyme disease is not present, after being bitten by an infected tick must start taking the antibiotic doxycycline, clarithromycin or amoksitsillina-clavulanate scheme.

What

Babesiosis (piroplasmosis)

Who is to blame

simplest babesia, family Babesiidae.It lives inside of blood cells - red blood cells.

Where do you get wherever there are ticks, both in Russia and in Europe and the United States.

Who bite

This disease is dangerous for people - described by some 100 cases, most of which ended fatally, but especially for dogs who develop tens of thousands each year.Even in a timely manner provided vetpomoschi animal disease often leads to death.

How to protect

Ferrets pre-season activity of ticks should be treated protivokleschevye drugs.For people prevention is to protect against tick bites, as well as in other diseases carried by ticks.

What

Omsk hemorrhagic fever

Who is to blame

arbovirus of the flavivirus genus

Where

Omsk, Novosibirsk, Tyumen, Kurgan, Orenburg region

How to protect

specific treatment for fever is not present.To prevent the use of necessary means of individual protection against ticks in rural areas and in the countryside.

What

Crimean haemorrhagic fever

Who is to blame

Nayrovirus of the family Bunyaviridae

Where

You can become infected in the Crimea, Astrakhan, Rostov, Volgograd, Krasnodar and Stavropol territories, Chechnya, Kalmykia, as well as in Central Asia, China, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, countries in sub-Saharan Africa.

How to protect

For prevention requires the use of personal protective equipment against ticks.

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