Diarrhea : such a delicate subject

Everyone at least once in his life faced with diarrhea.And usually it signs go unnoticed without bringing any harm to the body.However, in some cases intestinal disorder may be very dangerous.

Diarrhea (in common parlance "diarrhea") - is more frequent bowel movements, in which the stool becomes a liquid and / or watery.Doctors divide diarrhea on osmotic, secretory and exudative.

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Diarrhea (in common parlance "diarrhea") - is more frequent bowel movements, in which the stool becomes a liquid and / or watery.Doctors divide diarrhea on osmotic, secretory and exudative.

When osmotic diarrhea something in the intestinal lumen attracts fluid from the body's internal environment.This happens, for example, excessive use of sugars (such as sorbitol), enters into the intestine when too much water, leading to diarrhea.

secretory diarrhea occurs when excess fluid from the outlet of tissues and cells in the gut, which normally should not be.This type of diarrhea causing va

rious infections (including cholera), drugs (e.g. laxatives), and other conditions.

When exudative diarrhea detected in the stool blood and pus.This occurs in inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, as well as a variety of infections.

What causes diarrhea?

most common cause of diarrhea - a viral infection of the intestine.The disease, which is sometimes called "intestinal" or "stomach flu", usually lasts a few days.Other causes of diarrhea include:

  • bacterial intestinal infection
  • Infection of other microorganisms
  • food poisoning (ie, consumption of foods that contain toxins of pathogenic microbes)
  • consumption of products that lead to digestive disorders (ie indigestible)
  • food allergies
  • Taking certain medications
  • radiotherapy (radiation therapy)
  • bowel disease (Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis)
  • malabsorption syndrome (a condition in which the body can not digest the components resulting from the digestion of food)
  • thyrotoxicosis (excessive thyroid function)
  • Some cancers
  • abuse laxatives
  • alcohol abuse
  • operations on the gastrointestinal the track
  • diabetes

there may also be "locking diarrhea", ie diarrhea after prolonged constipation that oftenIt occurs in people with irritable bowel syndrome.

What

symptoms

diarrhea

?

Symptoms uncomplicated diarrhea :

  • bloating, flatulence, intestinal cramps
  • softening stool, diarrhea
  • Watery stools
  • Urgent urge to defecate
  • Nausea and vomiting

When complicated diarrhea, which can be a sign of a more serious condition, to the above symptoms can join the following:

  • blood, mucus, remnants of undigested food in
  • chair weight Loss
  • fever

If diarrhea persists, or marked fever more than 24 hoursor vomiting does not allow fluid to fill the deficit through drinking water, please contact your doctor.

How to treat diarrhea?

If the diarrhea is mild, it can be left untreated.Or you can use one of the antidiarrheal drugs such as Imodium (loperamide), which is available in capsules and lozenges.

addition, should increase fluid intake to 2-2.5 liters per day.Drink diluted fruit juices without pulp, decoctions of dried fruits, chicken or meat broth without fat, weak tea with honey (not sugar), mineral water without gas, sports drinks that contain a lot of salt or just boiled water.Liquids should drink often, small portions.

How do I get rid of the discomfort in the anus?

If frequent defecation leads to irritation, pain, itching, burning sensation in the anus, then:

  • Try warm hip baths with a decoction of anti-inflammatory herbs (chamomile, calendula, yarrow).Then pat (do not wipe!) Your skin with a soft towel.
  • Apply to anus baby cream or protivogemorroidalny cream or petroleum jelly.

Can diarrhea be harmful to my health?

Yes.Prolonged diarrhea body loses large amounts of water and nutrients.If you do not get enough fluids to drink, and the amount of liquid stool episodes is large enough, it may develop dehydration - dehydration, which often has very severe consequences.Signs of dehydration include:

  • dark urine
  • Urine in small portions or absence of urination
  • Heart palpitations
  • Headaches
  • Dry skin
  • Irritability
  • Confusion, drowsiness

In young children these symptoms are added the following:

  • Dry tongue and mouth
  • sunken cheeks and eyes
  • Fewer tears / no tears
  • strong crying or total apathy
  • Slow smoothing skin folds on the abdomen or limbs

When to seek medicalhelp with diarrhea?

Diarrhea quickly depletes the water and electrolytes (such as sodium and potassium), which are necessary for normal body function.Young children, the elderly or patients with serious underlying medical conditions is very difficult to make up for the loss of data.Furthermore, diarrhea can lead to serious illness if the last few weeks, and the chair contains blood.In these cases, as well as the presence of severe dehydration symptoms, you should immediately seek medical attention.

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