Massage for diseases of joints and spine : the types and effects

Massage - is a mechanical method of influence on the body by hand or with specially designed devices (masseurs), providing a wide range of medical and health-building effects.

In diseases of bones and joints massage:

  • improves blood circulation and lymph flow, improves metabolism in tissues and supply them with oxygen (oxygenation);
  • relaxes muscles and ligaments, relieves muscle protection, which helps to reduce pain, feeling of tightness and discomfort;
  • increases the elasticity of the ligaments, prevents the occurrence of contractures;
  • improves innervation, has a calming effect, normalizes reflexes relieves tension, improves sleep;
  • improving circulation, improves muscle tone and prepares the body for physical activity;
  • is an alternative way of exercise for people leading a sedentary and even immobilized lifestyle (for example, after a stroke, trauma);
  • improves skin penetration of therapeutic components ointment (oil) used during the massage;
  • provides aesthetic impact, has anti-cellulite effe
    ct;
  • povyshaet protective skin fynktsiyu, its elasticity, cpocobctvyet paccacyvaniyu infiltpatov, edema, vypotov, ymenshaet bol;
  • during massage in kpov poctypaet bolshoe kolichectvo biologichecki aktivnyx veschectv that cpocobctvyyut vocctanovleniyu napyshennyx fynktsy joints, periarticular tissues and muscles of the extremities.

main contraindications for massage

  • acute infectious diseases;
  • high temperatures (above 37.5 ° C);
  • acute inflammation or chronic diseases in the acute stage;
  • damage and skin diseases, warts, moles, etc .;
  • vascular disease (thrombophlebitis, thrombosis, vasculitis, etc.);
  • bleeding disorder;
  • cancer.

most commonly used types of massage

preventive massage applied to the prevention of complications in a variety of physical and psychological stress, diseases of the musculoskeletal system.

Therapeutic massage is used for the treatment and prevention of exacerbations of various diseases.

Rehabilitation massage is used in a forced immobilization to prevent complications, to speed recovery after surgery or injury, a stroke, etc.Often used in combination with physical therapy and physiotherapy.

Lymphatic drainage massage reduces swelling of tissues, improves the excretion of metabolic products, improves microcirculation.

Hygienic massage is used for disease prevention and health promotion.

Sports massage is applied in preparing for sports activities (mobilization) and after their completion, between training sessions (recovery).

Cryomassage (with ice cubes) are used for fresh trauma, in cosmetics, where instead of water use decoctions of herbs and other herbal remedies.

Cosmetic massage is mainly used to eliminate the appearance of deficiencies, improve the condition of the skin, subcutaneous fat modeling of the face and body (cellulite massage).

hardware massage is carried out using a variety of special devices: mechanical massagers, elektrovibromassazherov, vacuum and hydro-massage devices, etc.Recently, very popular, as it allows to carry out a massage at home and is affordable and viable alternative to manual massage.

Self-massage - an effective and affordable means of maintaining and improving their health.Often, this type of massage is used in place of the morning warm-up, to relieve tension after physical activity (neck massage).

segmental-reflex massage is based on the projection of the body surface of the reflex zones of the internal organs.This allows directionally affect their operation by acting on these regions and points.There are different types of reflex massage is widely used for the treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system.But they all require the presence of medical education and a sufficiently long training in special schools, medical massage.This is actually segmental massage, acupressure Chinese, Shiatsu (Japanese), Su-Jok (Korean), periosteal (on the periosteum), and other connective tissue.

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