Enteritis : the main symptoms

Clinical manifestations of acute and chronic enteritis.

manifestations of acute enteritis

In acute enteritis is very important cause of inflammation and the patient's general condition of the body.The disease usually begins abruptly, diarrhea from 4 to 8-10 times a day, appear simultaneously with abdominal pain urge to defecate.Often there are loss of appetite, salivation, nausea, sometimes vomiting, first of food residues, mucus and then with bile.The patient feels abdominal cramps and rumbling around the navel, which intensified during defecation and subside thereafter.Stool pappy, then becomes liquid and smelly, with lots of mucus, yellow-green color due to the admixture of bile.If dominate the fermentation process, the small gas bubbles are excreted in the feces.

body temperature often increased from the first day of the disease.Patients are pale, dry mouth, sunken eyes, dry tongue, with a white-yellow coating.In severe cases, there are pains in the muscles and joints, as well as cramps, cause

d by depletion of the body's trace elements and dehydration.Possible violation of the heart, lowering blood pressure, the development of vascular disease.Urine output decreases considerably.

course of acute enteritis.

If the process is limited, then the timely and adequate treatment proceeds favorably, and he ends up in recovery.If the disease is difficult, or the inflammatory process observed in 2 or more parts of the gastrointestinal tract (or type of gastroenteritis enterocolitis), the prognosis less favorable, especially if the treatment was not initiated in a timely manner.

may experience complications such as cholecystitis, hepatitis, intestinal bleeding, perforation of the bowel wall and peritonitis development, as well as damage to the kidneys - nephritis.In intensive care, in some cases a transition into chronic enteritis.

manifestations of chronic enteritis

During exacerbation of chronic enteritis symptoms may resemble symptoms of acute enteritis, and without exacerbation of many patients worried about the discomfort and paroxysmal (spastic), pain around the navel, heaviness in the stomach after eating, nausea, rumbling.Thus possible diarrhea 2-3 times a day, more often in the morning and after meals, sometimes diarrhea alternating with constipation.Cal is a liquid and yellowish color of zaprimesi bile.

Chronic enteritis occurs with periodic remissions and relapses, which are caused by disorders of diet, hypothermia and colds, overheating, stress, mental and physical overexertion, etc.Patients are pale, they are concerned about the weakness, dizziness, which may increase after eating (because of violation of carbohydrate metabolism).The skin is dry, dull hair, brittle and marked thickening of the nail, the appearance of erosions stomatitis, microbleeds because of the fragility of the vascular wall, also develop osteoporosis.

This is due to a violation of intestinal microflora and the development of dysbiosis, the sharp decline in the processes of absorption of nutrients, vitamins and minerals in the intestines, in violation of the synthesis of vitamins, which further aggravates the symptoms.As a rule, affected and adjacent organs - stomach, colon, liver and bile duct (cirrhosis, angiocholitis, cholecystitis), the pancreas (pancreatitis).In severe cases, there is the appearance of severe anemia, impaired synthesis of sex hormones, which leads to a decrease in sexual function in men and menstrual irregularities in women.

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