Pre-diabetes : how to prevent the disease

Pre-diabetes : how to prevent the disease
Pre-diabetes - a violation of carbohydrate metabolism that precedes the development of Type II diabetes.It occurs in a latent form, the first unpleasant symptoms often appear only in the development of the diabetic condition.

Independently identify pre-diabetes is almost impossible, well-being of the majority of people with impaired glucose metabolism is quite satisfactory.

Pre-diabetes: symptoms and diagnosis

In some cases, patients with pre-diabetes are found complaints of fatigue, thirst, blurred vision, but these symptoms are easy to find other reasons.

Therefore, when suspected prediabetes doctor prescribes fasting blood test, two hours after a meal, as well as a load test, in which the measured blood sugar levels two h

ours after ingestion of 75 g glucose dissolved in a glass of water.

Diagnosis in cases where:

  • level of blood glucose slightly elevated fasting - from 6 to 6.9 mmol / L.
  • There impaired glucose tolerance, that is, after the carbohydrate load test blood sugar levels two hours is increased to 8.9-12 mmol / l.

Who in the zone risk

Since prediabetes can be detected only by laboratory testing, people who are in the risk zone for the development of disturbances of carbohydrate metabolism, it is necessary to regularly check blood sugar.

The list includes:

  • Persons who have close relatives with diabetes.
  • Women with polycystic ovary syndrome, or transferred gestational diabetes.
  • suffer from excess body weight.
  • People with high blood cholesterol levels.
  • People aged over 45 years, especially in combination with other risk factors.
  • People leading a sedentary lifestyle.
  • Patients diagnosed with metabolic syndrome.It is characterized by a triad of symptoms: abdominal obesity, then there is deposition of fat in the abdomen, high blood pressure, high cholesterol.

Early diagnosis of pre-diabetes is very important, as it allows to take action and prevent the development of serious diseases such as diabetes.Also, people who suffer from impaired glucose tolerance, often suffer from heart disease - they have twice the risk of dying from heart attack or stroke.It is important to as quickly as possible to begin treatment.

Prediabetes: What do

Statistically prediabetes becomes diabetes, approximately 50% of patients.The reason for that, as a rule, refusal of lifestyle changes and the preservation of negative eating habits. proved that in violation of carbohydrate metabolism sufficient to change the diet to a long delay or even prevent the development of diabetes.

main condition nutrition in pre-diabetes - control over the amount of sugar and fat in the diet.The basis of the power should be vegetables, cereals, foods rich in protein and fiber.An important component of a healthy lifestyle is also a physical activity.

When overweight is necessary to achieve its reduction, because obesity - one of the main risk factors for diabetes.By reducing the weight of only 10-15%, it is possible to normalize blood glucose levels.

Prediabetes - dangerous to health, but it is reversible with timely diagnosis and lifestyle changes.

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