Correctly selected vitamins for pregnant women are the key to successful pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period as well.To replenish the body's need for vitamins helps balanced nutrition, which the expectant mother should pay special attention.After all, it affects not only the health of the woman, but also the health of her child.
Vitamin A (retinol) is important in the prevention of improper placental development and postnatal infections, by its lack can develop dermatitis, reduced vision in the dark, brittle nails, conjunctivitis.Foods rich in vitamin A, should be included in large amounts in the diet of any woman in the second half of pregnancy, espe
Vitamin B1 (thiamine).Lack it leads to dysfunction of the digestive system, muscular weakness, various pain sensations, including in the heart, indicates a violation of tissue metabolism.The main source of vitamin B1 are grain products, flour products, meal, cereals, yeast, legumes, meat, liver.
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) is part of enzymes involved in the processes of tissue metabolism, affect the function of the liver.With his lack of visual acuity can drop, cracks appear in the corners of the mouth, inflammation of the oral mucosa, tongue.The sources of the vitamin are milk, cheese, eggs, liver, meat, especially a lot of vitamin B2 is found in yeast.
Vitamin B5 (calcium pantothenate) , being an integral part of coenzyme A, involved in the processes of metabolism of many important biologically active substances and hormones.The source of pantothenic acid are yeast, liver, bran.
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) involved in cellular metabolism of amino acids, metabolism of carbohydrates and fats.The lack of it in the body leads to the development cheilosis (vertical cracks on the lips), asthenic syndrome, loss of appetite, nausea, anemia.Contained in yeast, beans, kidney, beef, egg yolk, milk.
Vitamin B9 (folic acid) belongs to antianemic vitamins.Folic acid is essential for cell division, growth and development of all the organs and tissues of normal embryonic development, hematopoiesis processes.She takes part in the formation of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets, that is, all blood cells.Folic acid deficiency during pregnancy increases the risk of neural tube defects.Folic acid prevents the risk of preterm delivery and fetal membranes break.It is indispensable for the relief of postpartum depression, so it is considered to be the most important "female" vitamin.Folic acid sources are yeast, beans, beef liver, leafy vegetables.
Vitamin B12 (tsiankobolamin) involved in the synthesis of a number of amino acids, proteins and ribonucleic acids.Lack of it leads to the development of anemia, but the most important sources include beef liver, kidney, heart, egg yolk, meat, cheese.
Vitamin B15 (calcium pangamat) a positive effect on metabolism, improving lipid metabolism, increases tissue uptake of oxygen, reduces the effects of hypoxia.The sources are his liver, seeds of plants.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) involved in the metabolism of nucleic acid synthesis and metabolism of steroid hormones.Vitamin C holds a significant role in maintaining the natural and acquired resistance to infectious diseases.At insufficiency develops his bleeding gums, dry skin.Sources of vitamin C are black currant, red rosehip berries, strawberries, green onions, cauliflower and cabbage, tomatoes, spinach, dill, parsley and other vegetables and fruits.
Vitamin D (calciferol) involved in calcium and phosphorus metabolism, is contained mainly in animal products, they are most rich butter, egg yolk, liver, beef and cod.
Vitamin E (tocopherol) normalizes muscle activity, prevents the development of muscle weakness and fatigue.This vitamin is closely linked to the function of the endocrine system, especially the sex and thyroid glands, pituitary glands.Lack of vitamin E may result in termination of pregnancy.The need for vitamin E is provided by plant foods, much of it in vegetable oils (cottonseed, sunflower, soybean), buckwheat and oat cereals, green beans, peas, lettuce, liver, kidneys, milk.
Vitamin P increases the elasticity of blood vessels.Most are rich in them blackcurrants, oranges, lemons, grapes, rose, lettuce, parsley.
Vitamin PP (nicotinic acid) plays an important role in metabolism, oxidation processes.In case of insufficiency in the body of nicotinic acid developed glossitis, diarrhea, skin peeling, asthenic syndrome, muscle pain.Nicotinic acid is widely distributed in nature.From its rich plant foods, dry yeast, nuts, legumes, cereals and potatoes;of animals - beef liver, beef, veal, eggs.
Vitamin N (lipoic acid) refers to a group of co-enzyme, plays an important role in the breakdown of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, oxidized fatty acids favorably influences the rate of basal metabolism, reduces blood sugar levels, increases oxygen consumption cellsbrain.Lipoic acid source is yeast, liver, kidney, heart, beef and dairy products.
Vitamin U (methylmethionine sulfone) has a favorable impact on the mucous membranes, promote healing of gastric and duodenal ulcers.His lot in the cabbage, tomatoes, green tea, juices of raw vegetables and fruits.
Vitamin K (phylloquinone) promotes blood coagulation, its deficiency causes bleeding (eg, nose, gums), petechiae, haemorrhages.Vitamin K is found in green leaves of lettuce, cabbage, nettle.
Minerals required by the body as taking part in the construction of cells and tissues, activity of enzyme systems.
Calcium salts are part of the bone (99%), are part of the blood, tissue juices, are involved in the blood clotting process, are essential for the normalization of the neuro-muscular system.A valuable source of calcium are milk and dairy products (cottage cheese), in which it is located in easily digestible form, as well as egg yolk, rye bread.The assimilation of calcium salts depends on their relationship with other salts, particularly phosphorus and magnesium, the body's supply of vitamins D. If necessary, your doctor may recommend a pregnant calcium preparations (eg, tablets of calcium gluconate).However, women should stop taking them for 3-4 weeks before the expected delivery date, otherwise it can lead to early ossification of the fetal skull.
phosphorus salts are involved in bone formation, are part of the organic compounds, which are cellular enzymes, battery cell energy (ATP - adenosine triphosphate), which play an important role in biochemical processes in the body.phosphorus sources are fish and seafood, cheese, cottage cheese, milk, nuts, bread, beans, peas, oats and buckwheat groats.
magnesium salts primarily linked with phosphorus salts, they activate enzymes involved in organic synthesis.Magnesium salts are contained in significant amounts in the bone.With their lack of violated normal nervous system excitability, muscle contraction.The main sources of magnesium salts - bread from wheat flour, buckwheat and oat cereals, beans, dry peas.
iron, copper, cobalt play an important role in formation of blood, as well as in oxidative processes.Cobalt is a member of the vitamin B12.Foods rich in these elements include animal liver, egg yolk, meat.Iron in many salad, spinach, prunes, apples, grapefruits, lemons, buckwheat and oatmeal, rye bread;copper - in nuts, grains and legumes.As a cobalt source in the diet should include yeast, oats, beets, strawberries, red currants, and kidneys.
Iodine is necessary for the formation of thyroid hormones.Its deficiency can cause not only the mother's disease, but also disrupt the formation of the thyroid gland in the fetus, the birth of a sick child.Iodine contained in seaweed, sea fish, meat, eggs, milk, fruits and vegetables: beets, lettuce, carrots, potatoes, cabbage, cucumbers, apples, grapes, plums.
potassium salts involved in various processes of vital activity.Potassium is particularly important for the normal functioning of the cardiovascular system, it enhances urination, participates in plastic processes in carbohydrate metabolism, energy metabolism, which is very important for a successful course and outcome of pregnancy.Rich in potassium salts, apples, plums, apricots, peaches, mulberries, gooseberries, blueberries, dried apricots, raisins, baked potatoes, oatmeal.
sodium salts involved in the regulation of water metabolism, so special attention should be paid to their content in the diet of pregnant.The main source of income in the body of sodium - salt (sodium chloride).In the first half of pregnancy must be somewhat limit the amount of salt in food.If the normal daily intake of salt for humans is 12-15 g, in the first half of pregnancy should reduce salt intake to 10-12 grams, and in the second half - to 6-8 In the last two months of pregnancy, as well as women,suffering from diseases of the cardiovascular system, when the signs should not be late toxicosis daily intake of sodium chloride than 5 g diet with restriction of salt used in the last month of pregnancy, reduces the excitability of nerve, reducing pain and speeding up delivery.
In recent years there have been specially designed for pregnant women complicated complex preparations containing not only the necessary set of vitamins woman, but also a specially selected range of trace elements.For the treatment and prevention of hypovitaminosis and mineral deficiency are recommended drugs such as Pregnavit, Materna, Maternel, Gendevit, Vitrum Prenatal, Alphabet Mother's Health and others.
experienced gynecologist always closely monitoring the state of a pregnant woman, and assigns appropriate, if necessaryvitamin preparations.
Did you know that ...
Certain infectious and endocrine diseases in the early stages are asymptomatic.In time to detect these diseases should visit a gynecologist twice a year and take control gynecological smears!
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