Sleep disorders and ADHD

child with ADHD often have problems with sleep.

Children with ADHD often suffer from various sleep disorders.

According to the results of studies with parents, problems with sleep are about 50% of children diagnosed with ADHD.Parents complain that upon waking the children feel tired, they often have nightmares.There apnea and restless legs syndrome.

Another study involving children with ADHD showed that children hardly relax during sleep, hard to wake up, and most of the day experiencing drowsiness.All this proves that sleep problems and ADHD are interrelated.

Snoring and ADHD

Enlarged tonsils and adenoids can partially block the airway during sleep.This may be a cause of snoring, poor sleep quality, and possibly ADHD.

Snoring interferes with normal sleep, so the focus can be broken in the daytime.Studies with the participation of a group of children from 5 to 7 years have shown that children with mild ADHD snore during sleep are much more likely than others.Another study found that children wh

o snore, almost two times more prone to ADHD than their peers.

kids, snoring during sleep, show much poorer results on tests of attention, showing less ability to learn foreign languages ​​and have a lower overall level of development.

Sleep apnea

Sleep Apnea literally means "without breath."This term is used to refer to the cessation of breathing during sleep for at least 10 seconds.There are three main types of sleep apnea, but the most common of them - obstructive.It is found in more than 65% of all cases.

During obstructive sleep apnea, the airway is disrupted by the passage of air.This is due to the fact that the entrance to the trachea is blocked, and the throat muscles spazmiruyutsya.During these spasms respiratory muscles continue to make cuts.

If breathing has stopped, interrupted sleep - passes from the stage of deep sleep stage surface.Man after each awakening is not aware of what had happened to him.Such episodes can occur several times per night.

About 2% of children have some form of obstructive sleep apnea.Enlarged tonsils and adenoids - the most common cause of it.

Other causes of this disease are obesity and allergies.Children suffering from sleep apnea, fatigue throughout the day.They may have trouble concentrating, irritability, drowsiness, etc.

Restless legs syndrome and ADHD

According to studies, some connection between the violation of breathing during sleep, ADHD and restless legs syndrome still exists.In restless legs syndrome appear spontaneous twitching of the legs and sometimes also causes an interruption of sleep and daytime sleepiness.

People with restless legs syndrome, followed by sleep interruption, the deterioration of concentration, emotional lability, and / or hyperactivity, that is, the symptoms of ADHD.

Given these and other data, the researchers concluded that people with restless legs syndrome and ADHD may have one common feature - dysfunction of the neurotransmitter dopamine.

How to help a child with ADHD

For a child with ADHD is very important to establish a bedtime ritual.Adherence to help relax before going to bed and sleep well.There are also a number of recommendations that must be followed.

  • Visit a doctor and podbrat drugs for the treatment of sleep disorders in view.
  • Eliminate caffeine from the diet of the whole family.Caffeine - a substance that mimics the body's stress.With his hand increased nervousness, and it becomes a cause of poor sleep.
  • Create a daily routine, which will indicate the exact time of going to bed, waking, food and leisure activities.
  • ensure silence in the room where the baby sleeps.If the baby does not sleep well because of the sound stimuli, you can try to use "white noise".For example, a hissing sound that plays when searching for radio station.If the baby is too sensitive to different sounds, use ear plugs.
  • Do not use sleeping pills, except in extreme cases.
  • is important to take into account the already existing diseases such as allergies, asthma, various states in which the pain can disrupt sleep.If your child snores heavily and / or during sleep apnea episodes occur, seek medical advice.
  • It is important that the child has been quite active during the day.However, you should avoid strenuous exercise immediately before bedtime.
  • Before going to bed, you can take a warm bath.Sleep usually comes after the cold phase of the body temperature cycle.The cool temperature in the room after a warm bath will help to fall asleep.

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