Arterial hypertension : what it is

Arterial hypertension : what it is
Hypertension three times increases the risk of heart attack, strokes can cause a destructive effect on the kidneys, which can lead to renal failure.

Blood pressure is defined as the force with which the heart is forcing blood through the body.Blood pressure is determined by the strength and the amount of blood pumped and the size and flexibility of blood vessels.It consists of two numbers, such as 120/80 mmHg

What is your blood pressure is normal

There are several categories of blood pressure:

  • Normal: below 120/80;
  • prehypertension: 120-139 / 80-89;
  • hypertension stage I: 140-159 / 90-99;
  • hypertension stage II: 160 and above / 100 and above.

hypertensive patients (people with high blood pressure) should be closely monitored for pressure levels and take steps to normalize it.

On ways of its reduction can advise local therapist or a cardiologist, and at the same time and set the type of disease.


hypertension Primary hypertension occurs in 95% of cases.Itself, this figure suggests that

the causes of the disease are varied, and the emergence of affect many factors.

The remaining 5% are secondary hypertension, which is a symptom of existing specific disease, such as heart, kidney, thyroid and others.

Causes of primary arterial hypertension

exact causes of primary hypertension are not known, but the known factors and conditionscontributing to its development:

  • smoking,
  • overweight,
  • low physical activity,
  • insufficient intake of potassium, calcium, and magnesium,
  • excess salt in the diet,
  • excessive consumption of alcohol (more than 1-2 servingsper day),
  • stress,
  • age,
  • genetic predisposition,
  • chronic renal failure,
  • dysfunction of the adrenal and thyroid glands.

As can be seen, the presence of hypertension is largely determined by diet and lifestyle.Most often a correlation between the daily salt intake and high blood pressure.

Causes of secondary hypertension

Among the known causes of secondary hypertension kidney disease ranks first.Hypertension can also be caused by tumors of the adrenal glands malfunction.

oral contraceptives, certain antidepressants, certain drugs used for colds, nasal sprays on a cold, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, drugs that increase appetite, corticosteroids, amphetamines, cyclosporine (given to patients who have had a transplant donor organ), erythropoietin (administered to stimulatehematopoiesis) and some aerosols for treating asthma can raise blood pressure and thus become a cause of secondary hypertension.

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