What is diabetes

About the most common endocrinological diseases - diabetes, heard each.But not everyone knows what it is.

Of all endocrine diseases diabetes ranks first in prevalence (over 50% of all cases of endocrine diseases).Currently, the number of diabetics in the world up to 5%, and in older age groups of 60 - 10%.According to the American authors in the United States - more than 23 million diabetics, and every year their number increased by 100 thousand people..The number of diabetics is increasing rapidly, and the disease itself is younger.Diabetes can not be cured, but kotrolirovat disease and live a full life with him has now become possible

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Diabetes

- disease, which all heard and experienced in one way or another - many.Have any of your relatives or friends - a relative, neighbor, co-worker, suffers from this disease.The number of diabetics is increasing rapidly, and the disease itself - younger.Diabetes can not be cured, but kotrolirovat disease and live a full life with him has now become possible.

Of all endocrine diseases diabetes ranks first in prevalence (over 50% of all cases of endocrine diseases).Currently, the number of diabetics in the world up to 5%, and in older age groups of 60 - 10%.According to the American authors in the United States - more than 23 million diabetics, and every year their number increased by 100 thousand people..

friends with his illness ...

diabetes today - not a sentence.It may seem poradoksalnym, but much increase in the number of patients is due to the achievements of modern medicine.Efficient and rational life-long therapy prolongs the life of patients, and patients with diabetes themselves are more attentive to their health, and have higher rates of adherence to treatment - Compliance than the "big man."The role of insulin

Insulin - a hormone produced by the pancreas zhelezoy.Tak or another it affects all types of metabolism throughout the body.Insulin provides transport of glucose needed for energy production, insulin-dependent cells in tissues - muscular and adipose.Together they make up almost 70% of the total cell mass of a human body in the body and perform important functions such as movement, respiration, blood circulation and other stock up energy extracted from food.Therefore, when glucose is not flagged cells, its blood level rises.

types of diabetes

In Russia, as in other countries of the world, dominated by non-insulin dependent diabetes, or type 2 diabetes.It - diabetes, older people.In such patients, insulin is produced, and, keeping to a diet, leading an active life, these people can achieve that for quite a long time, the sugar level will correspond to the norm, and complications can be avoided safely.Type 1 diabetes, or insulin-dependent, it is found in only 10-12% of patients.This form of diabetes mainly affects young people under the age of 30 years.

Prediabetes

Today in the United States 57 million people older than 20 years have blood sugar levels slightly above normal, but not high enough to diagnose diabetes.This - the period of life preceding the disease diabetes, a condition of predisposition.This condition is known as pre-diabetes, or impaired glucose tolerance.Usually, people with pre-diabetes do not experience physical discomfort, because the disease has no symptoms severe, however latently flowing prediabetes always takes place in people who developed type 2 diabetes.Some complications of diabetes, such as heart failure, may develop in the pre-diabetes stage.

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