Type 2 diabetes : an epidemic of preventable

Type 2 diabetes : an epidemic of preventable
If you began to notice in his inexplicable dry mouth, thirst, frequent urination, fatigue and other symptoms of disorders of carbohydrate metabolism, be sure to check the blood sugar level.Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or at least postponed.

most common form of diabetes - type 2. According to different authors, they are sick by 1 to 6% of the population of developed countries.The number of newly diagnosed cases each year is from 6 to 10% of diabetics.It is easy to calculate that every 10-15 years, the number of patients with type 2 diabetes doubles.

Why is this happening

Type 2 diabetes usually occurs in people over 40, without necessarily being obese and overweight, as erroneously thought before.In recent years, more and more so-called "adult-onset diabetes" is diagnosed in children and adolescents, due to poor diet and overweight.

Unlike type 1 diabetes, when the pancreas does not produce insulin, while type 2 diabetes insulin is produced, but in much smaller numbers.This can continue for a l

ong time.Not Diversity in cells, glucose increases in the blood, the cells are "hungry".

Type 2 Diabetes: Symptoms

Symptoms of diabetes mellitus type 2 is almost the same as for Type 1, with the only difference being that it does not develop so quickly, but gradually - even years.The main symptoms of diabetes:

  • dry mouth, thirst,
  • frequent urination,
  • itching and dryness of the skin,
  • violation of appetite (it marked decrease or increase) and weight loss even with a good appetite, hunger, even aftermeal,
  • leg cramps,
  • blurred vision,
  • fatigue, decreased performance,
  • sleep disturbance.

body delivers a signal SOS

people closely related to the health, able to detect the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes before the disease come into its own.A condition called pre-diabetes occurs when blood sugar levels are higher than normal person, but not high enough to be able to make a diagnosis.

Therefore, if you begin to notice at inexplicable dry mouth, thirst, frequent urination, fatigue and other symptoms of disorders of carbohydrate metabolism, check the level of blood sugar.The development of type 2 diabetes can be prevented or at least postponed.

Diabetes and Pregnancy

Hormonal changes during pregnancy may interfere with the operation of the pancreas and insulin production, respectively.This state is called gestational diabetes, which occurs in approximately 4% of all pregnancies.

risk of gestational diabetes increased in women with overweight (pre-pregnancy), after the age of 25 years, as well as family history.

diagnosed during pregnancy untreated gestational diabetes increases the risk of complications for the mother and her unborn child.Usually within six weeks after the birth in the blood sugar level drops to normal levels.

Gestational diabetes has the same symptoms, but during pregnancy frequent urination and increased hunger - a common condition for most women.The presence of these symptoms does not always mean the development of gestational diabetes, it is important to regularly check your blood sugar.Women who develop gestational diabetes have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future.The disease can not be cured, but it can be controlled.

What should I do if I developed gestational diabetes?

  1. Hold your blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible.It can achieve a balanced diet, medication, and exercise tolerance.
  2. Monitor cholesterol and triglyceride levels, for this amount of daily fat intake should not exceed 30% of the daily diet.
  3. Monitor blood pressure, it should not be higher than 130/80.

Diabetes is not a disease but a way of life

Remember: the correct way of life, a balanced diet and performing medical prescriptions affect your blood sugar level daily and it is much more than can make the endocrinologist, to which you will come toreception every few months.

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