Fibromyalgia : What it is , how and why

causes of diffuse muscle pains are still outstanding.

search of explanations of nature and development of the mechanism of fibromyalgia is carried out in different directions.Some scientists are exploring hormonal disturbances that affect the transmission of nerve signals, others believe that the diffuse muscle pain of fibromyalgia are a sign of an existing pathology.Recently, however, there is increasing evidence that fibromyalgia is caused genetically.In any case, most experts agree that trigger fibromyalgia is a complex physical and emotional stressors such as trauma, infection, endocrine disease.

search of explanations of nature and mechanism of the disease is carried out in different directions.Some scientists are exploring hormonal disturbances that affect the transmission of nerve signals, others believe that the diffuse muscle pain of fibromyalgia are a sign of an existing pathology.Recently, however, there is increasing evidence that fibromyalgia is caused genetically.Although scientists can

not agree in opinion concerning the causes of the disease, they agree that trigger fibromyalgia is a complex physical and emotional stressors such as trauma, infection, endocrine disease.Approximately 70% of patients with fibromyalgia are unable to work, as more than 90% significantly reduced quality of life.

whether serotonin is guilty?

One of the theories explaining the origin of the disease, connects it with the lower level of brain neurotransmitter, called serotonin, the level of which depends directly on the pain threshold.The lower levels of serotonin, the lower the pain threshold and therefore higher sensitivity to pain.initially lower levels of serotonin in women (approximately 7 times) than in men.This may explain the higher sensitivity (hypersensitivity) women to the pain (it must be emphasized that we are talking about the susceptibility to pain, but not the ability to endure pain).The disease is much more common in about 7-10 times, women suffer from than men.

Interesting fact: some (but not all) people with fibromyalgia have low levels of growth hormone, which may also play a role in causing muscle pain.

Possible culprits

Another reason for the formation of fibromialgicheskogo syndrome is considered to be stress and low physical activity, deterioration of slow wave sleep phase, which explains the common symptoms of morning fatigue and lethargy in these patients.

Communication depression and fibromyalgia is quite obvious, but what is the cause, and that - the result is hard to say.On the one hand, reduced the emotional status of the destructive impact on the adaptive capacity of a person.The reaction of the organism to prolonged exposure to extreme environmental factors, acute stress depends on the individual characteristics of the human nervous system, which determines the degree of susceptibility to pain.The presence of depression increases the risk of developing chronic pain.On the other hand, chronic pain causes anxiety and depression, which exacerbates the symptoms of fibromyalgia, and reduces quality of life.

Fibromyalgia as an inheritance?

As with other rheumatic diseases, fibromyalgia may be due to a genetic predisposition.In other words, if the mother suffers from chronic pain, the possibility is high that the daughters will be transferred this disease.It has been suggested that certain human genes regulate the level of pain perception.In patients with fibromyalgia, these genes - "defective" and force the owner to respond more markedly to stimuli that most people would not be perceived as painful.However, this is just a guess, because to date the genes have not been isolated.

What are the risk factors?

Among the possible factors contributing to the disease, or risk factors, secrete:

  • female,
  • genetic predisposition,
  • decrease in estrogen level (menopause),
  • low physical activity,
  • presence endured surgery,
  • injured spinal cord or brain.

cases where a patient is not present, however, there are none of these risk factors.

Looking

exit Chronic pain brings not only physical pain, she was emotionally draining, physically limiting, it destroys relationships.As a result, people moving away, closes on its painful sensations, forcing himself into a dead end social exclusion and finding no way out of this situation.Some patients, trying to relieve the pain, start to abuse of analgesics.

Excessive drug therapy these patients can only add to problems rather than solve them.As a result, long-term use of OTC pain reduces the efficiency of the drug received, and in turn - a gradual increase in dose.Subsequently, the patient begins to combine with other analgesic drugs.Is it dangerous.It must be remembered that the effect of all drugs have side effects.

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