Syphilis called chronic systemic venereal disease caused by a spiral bacteria - Treponema pallidum.
Syphilis affects the skin, bones, mucous membranes, internal organs, nervous system and leads to a disability if left untreated.
In 95% of cases of sexually transmitted diseases, but they can sifisivom infection can occur through blood during a transfusion, injection, through the placenta.
not ruled out a way to consumer syphilis infection - through utensils, linens, and even toilet seat.
insidious disease is that it can be slow to mature in a person for years, attacking internal organs under the guise of other diseases.While syphilis media learns about the diagnosis, it can infect all around.
Rampant disease in modern Russia was in the mid 90-ies of the last century.
Venereology seriously talking ab
Following the trend began to decline - so, in 2008, out of 100 thousand people.syphilis were sick "all» 60.
But today say exactly how many people in Russia are carriers of sexually transmitted disease, it is impossible.
often diagnosed with "syphilis" put in private clinics, medical centers and laboratories, a single record of such patients does not exist.
In addition, syphilis can manifest itself in any way for many years, and to determine the number of latent patients is not possible.
Thus in some areas of the Russian Federation the percentage of patients with syphilis at times more than in the whole country.The most problematic regions: Primorsky Krai, the Republic of Tuva and the Jewish Autonomous Region, Amur Region, Republic of Khakassia, Kaliningrad, Omsk, Kaluga Region and Khabarovsk Territory.
examining data on patients with syphilis in the past few years, doctors have come to the conclusion that most men suffer from this disease - 63% at the age of highest sexual activity - from 20 to 29 years.
In most cases, carriers of infection are unmarried and rarely use contraception.
Today, if detect the disease at an early stage and to take on its treatment, recovery is guaranteed in 100% of cases.But the problem is and how to diagnose the disease at an early stage when it is itself usually does not show.
Syphilis develops the following steps, more or less prolonged.
Primary period .
As a rule, three weeks after the infection may cause small cracks or erosion on the genitals, anus, lips, tongue and gums.At the same time there is a painless induration of the lymph nodes.
Primary skin lesions and mucous pass soon, lymph nodes returned to normal size, and the disease may remain unnoticed.
If you do not start treatment, the ravages of Treponema pallidum on the body will only increase.
The following states are observed in 2-3 months after infection and may last for several years:
Tertiary period .
rare.During this period, all the organs are affected, which often leads to deafness, blindness, paralysis and dementia.
The best way to prevent infection with syphilis - stick close relationship with one partner and use a condom during sexual intercourse.
Any casual sex - a good reason to visit venereologist.
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