Asthma : Diagnosis and Treatment

main methods of diagnosis of asthma and its treatment guidelines.

Asthma usually has typical clinical picture, diagnosis is therefore clarifying character, helping to identify the degree of involvement of the respiratory organs and the possibility of compensation of the state body that helps physicians choose the optimal treatment of the patient.

Diagnosis typically includes:

  • X-ray examination of the chest;
  • complete blood count;
  • sputum;
  • determination of serum immunoglobulins and allergen-specific antibodies;
  • spirometry, pikfluometrii (determination of forced expiratory and other indicators of ventilation);
  • conducting tests with allergens and bronchodilators;
  • counseling related professionals (immunologist, allergist).

Basic principles of treatment of bronchial asthma

main direction of therapy - preventing the occurrence of attacks of breathlessness.For the patient it is very important to know your allergen and if possible avoid contact with him.

With the development of attack is necessar

y as soon as possible to stop it.For this purpose, it is recommended to use aerosols for inhalation.

use of drugs that reduce spastic disposition of the body, reduces the likelihood of an attack.Typically, they are used in severe forms of asthma.These include corticosteroids, aerosol for inhalation.

big role in the prevention of attacks carried out by constantly playing exercises complex of breathing exercises and specially selected Methodist complexes of physiotherapy.

By combining asthma with focal infections, colds, chronic bronchitis, pneumonia, a course of antibiotic therapy.

To facilitate the discharge of viscous phlegm on prescription medications use expectorants, mucolytics, antispasmodics.

Symptomatic therapy is aimed at correcting the condition and improving the work of other organs and systems.

the presence of occupational hazards is recommended to change an activity, avoid contact with allergens.

beneficial effect on the body as a whole, not just on the respiratory system have a herbal medicine, physiotherapy, massage, reflexology, osteopathy therapy, hypnotherapy, as well as a spa treatment at the spa resorts.

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