Fall allergies

Fall allergies
allergy autumn period is not such a rarity

inhaled pollens or other allergens immune system of some people perceive as foreign particles and begins to produce antibodies, which normally identify and attack bacteria and viruses.In the body, the antibodies bind with allergies to allergens that lead to the isolation of a large number of blood histamine.It is responsible for the appearance of histamine allergy symptoms.

Despite the fact that the fall of all the plants wither, and the air is clean and cool, many allergies it does not bring long-awaited investment.Varies cause significant factors of allergies, but they are no less ruthless than the pollen that fills all around the spring and summer.

Autumn allergy: causes

for breeding male plants release into the air the smallest cells, which are called pollen.After contact with pollen or other allergens in the nose of some people, the immune system recognizes them as foreign particles and begins to release antibodies.Normally these substances identify

and attack bacteria, viruses and the like pathogens.In humans, development of allergy-prone, the antibodies bind with allergens that lead to the isolation of a large number of blood of biologically active substances, especially histamine.It is responsible for the occurrence of histamine various symptoms of allergy, including lacrimation, nasal obstruction and itching.

most important and dangerous allergen autumn period is ragweed.Despite the fact that this weed with small yellow flowers begin to bloom in August, it feels great and autumn.About 75% of people who react to pollen spring plants are also responsible and ragweed bloom.It is important that the wind spreads the pollen of ambrosia for tens of kilometers.And even if it does not grow near your home, it can still cause allergies.

Another culprit fall allergies is mold fungus because its spores are easily carried by the wind.Fungus lives in damp places, both at home and in public spaces.Perfect haven for reproduction of the fungus are heaps of wet fallen leaves, which are collected in the fall along roadsides and in backyards.In addition, the mold grows well in basements, bathrooms and kitchen.

Another common allergen, which is found in almost all the houses are house dust mites.These microscopic insects like spiders are most active in wet and hot summer months.However, in the fall and they do not feel less comfortable.With air mite faeces fall into the nose, causing sneezing, runny nose and wheezing.

Autumn allergies in children

For children the main factor that contributes to the appearance of allergy symptoms, is often the beginning of a new academic year.mold and mites multiply very well in school premises.Do not forget about particles of chalk, which saturate the air of each class, and often are the cause of the first attack of asthma in children.Considering all these factors, it is not surprising that researchers are reporting bursts of asthmatic symptoms among children in September and October.

Another autumn issue for children is food allergy.Returning to school means a visit to a school canteen where the child is faced with the milk, eggs, nuts, chocolate bars and other allergens that can be extremely dangerous for those children who are predisposed to allergies.

fall allergy symptoms

allergic reaction to ragweed, pollen, mold and other triggers manifested symptoms of allergic rhinitis (hay fever or hay fever).These include:

  • Runny
  • Tearing
  • Sneezing Cough
  • Itchy eyes and nose
  • Dark circles under the eyes

People with allergies to ragweed often occurs itchy mouth and throat.It appears the food allergy syndrome, which is marked after eating bananas, cucumbers, melons and other fruits and vegetables.

Allergens that are airborne, can also cause the development of asthma.It is often a life-threatening condition occurs narrowing of the airways, which causes shortness of breath, coughing, shortness of breath.

Food allergic reactions are hives (rash), spastic abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, and often - and cough.Severe reactions, called anaphylactic shock, leading to swelling of the lips, tongue or throat that prevents a person to breathe normally.Anaphylaxis - an extremely life-threatening condition that requires immediate medical care.

Diagnostics autumn allergy

Determining the cause of constant runny nose and watery eyes can help you allergist, who specializes in the treatment and prevention of allergic diseases.First, the doctor will ask you to close all the symptoms and features of your everyday life, work, eating habits and diseases of other family members.After that, an allergist conducting a skin test or the so-called provocative tests.The essence of these studies is reduced to application on the skin or subcutaneous injection of different allergens in small quantities.If for any substance you have allergies, then a specially marked section will turn red, and itchy.This means that the allergen against the body produces antibodies.

Another option is radioelektrosorbentny diagnosis of allergy test - a blood test that determines the level of antibodies to a particular allergen.

Allergy Treatment autumn period

  1. Nasal sprays with hormones corticosteroids, which reduce inflammation in the nasal cavity
  2. Antihistamines block the action of histamine, thereby reducing the itching, sneezing and nasal congestion
  3. Decongestants (decongestants) clean nasal passages frommucus, which reduces swelling and nasal congestion.
  4. Combined products based on antihistamines and decongestants.
  5. Eye drops with antihistamines
  6. Immunotherapy.Cause significant allergen is administered in gradually increasing doses, resulting organism acquires resistance to it."Vaccinations against allergies" are able to deter the onset of symptoms is much longer than conventional medications.Despite the fact that immunotherapy is not for everyone with allergies, those people who react to it, the symptoms sometimes do not appear until several years.

bulk of the drugs can be purchased over the counter without a prescription.However, before doing this, discuss treatment with your doctor.Some antihistamines cause drowsiness, and therefore need to take them with caution, especially if your work requires high concentration of attention.It is a good substitute for a new generation of anti-allergic agents which do not cause drowsiness.Carefully read the instructions for use of medicines: some funds may be taken only for a few days.

How to cope with the fall allergy

alleviate the symptoms of allergy autumn period you will be following rules:

  • Try to be in the room during the period of the highest activity of plants (that is, from 10.00 to 15.00), keep closed
  • window for cleaning the house usevacuum cleaner with a HEPA-filter that effectively removes from the air, even the smallest particles of the allergen.
  • humidify the air: the humidity must be kept at 35-50%
  • level when cleaning leaves the country or in the yard, wear a mask.This will help avoid inhaling mold spores
  • If you have a fireplace in the house, before the first use carefully clean all the pipes.Often for the summer in vents accumulate a large amount of mold and other allergens that are emitted into the air at the first ignition of the fire.

To prevent allergies in children:

  • Gather the children in a school Individual breakfast and ask children not to take food from their classmates.
  • Tell the class teacher that your child is allergic.If attacks occur especially hard, leave the school health office pen syringe with epinephrine (adrenaline)
  • Do not allow children to eat a lot of sweets for the holidays as long as you are sure that there are no allergens

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