In order to understand what is reflux esophagitis, delve a little anatomy.
the chest cavity from the abdominal separating diaphragm - the muscle-tendon partition.The diaphragm has the esophageal opening into which moves down the esophagus and into the stomach.The portion where the esophagus enters the stomach, called the cardiac.Muscle fibers in this part form sphincter, which is closed in swallowing.If everything is in order, and the sphincter is closed, food and gastric juices from the stomach do not fall into the esophagus.If there are violations, then a hernia in the esophageal opening of the diaphragm.
Cardiac part of the stomach moves into the chest cavity, and stomach contents into the esophagus smoothly thrown.Typically, in the stomach, hydrochloric acid is present, which burns the esophageal mucosa and lead to its inflammation - esophagitis.Sometimes he is so str
This condition gives the patient a lot of pain.He is concerned about heartburn and burning pain in the epigastrium and behind the sternum.The pain may be aggravated after a meal, especially if the patient lies down immediately after eating.It is dull and dumb, in the majority of the pain spreads to the heart, left shoulder and left shoulder.
Even experienced is sometimes difficult to distinguish the symptoms of reflux esophagitis angina attacks.However, with the help of X-ray examination the doctor can accurately diagnose.
Even 50 years ago in the world of reflux esophagitis caused by hiatal hernia, treated only with surgery.Today, the indications for surgery dramatically reduced.Only when there are severe complications (eg, bleeding, ulcers, narrowing of the esophagus), surgery is used.Now
treatment of reflux esophagitis is reduced to the appointment of a diet and a specific diet.If patients follow all instructions of doctors, such a conservative therapy gives positive results in more than 80% of patients.
Strengthening reflux esophagitis stomach contributes to overcrowded, so portions should be small, and the food - a fraction.Eating should be quiet, all carefully chewed.Between the food should not drink juices, water and any other liquid.
times to get rid of heartburn, patients may make a few sips of water, but the relief that comes short.Not very often, one hour before a meal, you can drink mineral water without carbon dioxide or soda solution (1 teaspoon of baking soda in a glass of warm water).
to the disease did not progress from the diet should be completely excluded pepper, mustard, sauces, strong tea, coffee, pickles, fresh and sauerkraut, beans, beans, brown bread, since all these products contribute to the formation of gases.Alcohol and tobacco is strictly contraindicated.
extremely undesirable for reflux esophagitis take medications that contain aspirin.It enhances gastric secretion and irritate the esophageal mucosa.
is not necessary to go to bed after eating.Sitting or standing accelerates the evacuation of the stomach contents.Supper follows 3-4 hours before bedtime.Sleep is recommended in a semi-sitting position by placing a few pillows.Try to avoid working in a tilted position of the body.
When reflux esophagitis should be in every way to deal with constipation, as they can increase the intra-abdominal pressure.However, prolonged use of a laxative is addictive, so these funds should be alternated.Receiving
vegetable oil or vaseline protects the esophageal mucosa of the gastric juice.The beneficial effects on the inflammatory process has chamomile broth, which must be taken in small portions, drinking per day not more than one glass.
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