The most common skin diseases

The most common skin diseases
What skin diseases are the most common, why they occur, how dangerous and how to treat them.

Skin diseases at least once in his life met everyone.The list of the most common skin diseases include the following diseases.

Herpes is a viral infection of the skin and mucous membranes.The causative agent is a herpes virus.There are eight types of herpes infection, of which the most common are types I and II - herpes simplex.Approximately 80-90% of the world's population is infected and has antibodies against it.

The list of the most common skin diseases include:

Herpes - is a viral infection of the skin and mucous membranes.The causative agent is a herpes virus.There are 8 types of herpes infection, of which the most common are types I and II - herpes simplex.Approximately 80-90% of the world's population is infected and has antibodies against it.Herpes simplex virus type I mainly affects the mucous membrane of the mouth and nose, causing the well-known "cold" on the lips.Infection occurs most of

ten in the first few years of life, airborne or by contact.Herpes simplex type II causes genital herpes.The main route of transmission for it - through sexual contact.When ingested, the virus integrates into the genetic apparatus of nerve cells, so get rid of it is not fully possible.When colds, excessive sun exposure, colds, accompanied by a decrease in immunity, the virus is activated and gives rise to the mucous membranes of vesicles filled with liquid.In their place later formed painful erosion.When immunodeficiency virus is dangerous because it can affect the internal organs.The main drugs for the treatment of herpes is antiviral and immunostimulatory agents.

Acne (acne) - this is one of the most common diseases, affecting mostly adolescents and young adults.The causes of the disease is considered three factors: excessive secretion of sebum by the sebaceous glands, excess skin and actinic accession infection.In turn, this hormonal abnormalities contribute to the prevalence of male sex hormones, prolactin, genetic predisposition, pregnancy and lactation, disorders in the gastrointestinal tract.Typical symptoms of acne presented comedones, papules, pustules and nodes.Depending on the severity predominate certain elements.If the disease is not treated, over time, the skin is covered with spots and scars on the site of previous eruptions, which are quite difficult to remove.Treatment is determined by the degree of severity of the acne and can include both external and systemic therapy with antibiotics, retinoids and other

Fungal nail disease (mycoses) -. For a number of data the prevalence in this group is about 20-30% of totalof the adult population.Moreover, an increased incidence of fungal infections observed in recent years.The disease is a special fungus that affects the nail plate and nail bed.The nail becomes cloudy, yellow, thickens and takes the form of "bird beak".The disease tends to spread to healthy nails and is very dangerous in epidemiological terms.The patient is the source of infection within their families and staff.Especially dangerous is his visit to saunas and swimming pools, as in a warm humid environment fungus persists especially long.Treatment of nail fungus is systemic antifungal drugs reception, using antifungal sprays and lacquers.

Hives - disease characterized by the appearance on the background of reddened skin blisters.Rash accompanied by intense itching, malaise, and, in some cases, increase in body temperature.It is believed that these symptoms have appeared at least once in 30% of the population.Urticaria is an allergic and non-allergic.In the first case it is due to the occurrence of different effects on the body allergens. Medicines, foods, house dust, etc. The causes of non-allergic urticaria may be pressure on the skin, cold, solar radiation.Contribute to the development of its gastrointestinal disease, parasitic infections.Urticaria is often quite stubborn for not adequately responding to treatment.Threatening complication of the disease is angioedema - a potentially fatal condition.Therefore, treatment of hives should be started as early as possible.To do this, use a hypoallergenic diet, antihistamines, sometimes you have to resort to hormone injections.In addition, the therapy of opportunistic diseases.

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