Clinical examination of children: educational program for parents

Clinical examination of children: educational program for parents
order to timely detect health problems and effectively deal with them, as well as to promote health and to prevent infectious and somatic diseases, developed special measures - clinical examination, including medical examination of children.

What is a medical examination of children

Clinical examination of children - a cycle of periodic checkups, active dynamic monitoring of the identified deviations in health and timely full and qualified treatment, as well as the health of children and methods of prevention of infectious diseases.

Simply put, this is a regular medical examination of children in well-defined terms of age, when parents must come with the child to the reception to check the state of his health.

regulates the procedure for medical examination of children by special orders.It:

  • the order of Ministry of Health of Russia from 21.12.2012 N 1346n "on the order of minor medical examinations, including admission to educational institutions in the period of training in them";
  • orders of the Ministry of Health and social development of each region.

These documents painted a plan of clinical examination of children and the order of its passage, as well as documents that are issued during the clinical examination.

Typically, it is conducted in the areas of district health centers at the place of residence of the child with the parents, in rural areas - in the near FAP or in a district clinic.

Clinical examination of children in the first year of life

In the first year of life, due to the peculiarities of development of the baby, its special vulnerability in terms of health and development, monitoring them is carried out in detail.Therefore, parents with a baby the first year of life have to visit a children's clinic often enough.

In the neonatal period the child is necessary to pass the inspection pediatrician or neonatologist and hold neonatal screening to identify such congenital diseases like hypothyroidism, phenylketonuria, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, galactosemia and cystic fibrosis.

To do this at the hospital the baby blood sample is taken from the heel to be sent to a special laboratory.Negative results indicate the baby's health.

In addition, medical examinations of newborns today include a mandatory hearing screening a special apparatus for detection of congenital deafness.

At one month of age the child necessary to conduct routine inspection pediatrician, as well as the advice of medical specialists - a neurologist, ophthalmologist and surgeon.In addition, ultrasound of the heart, hips, abdomen and neurosonography (ultrasound of the brain).

In the two months required inspection pediatrician with the assessment of physical and psychomotor development.

in three months in clinical examination include inspection pediatrician, neurologist, orthopedic trauma, carried out a general analysis of blood and urine.

In four or five months will only visit to the pediatrician, but in six months it is necessary to go back a pediatrician, neurologist and surgeon to pass a general analysis of blood and urine.

At seven and eight months re-inspection will only pediatrician, and in nine months in addition to the inspection pediatrician conducted a general analysis of blood and urine.

At ten and eleven months you visit only pediatrician, and a year pass again in-depth examination by medical specialists - a neurologist, psychiatrist, otolaryngologist, surgeon, orthopedist, ophthalmologist, carried out a general analysis of blood and urine tests, blood glucose levelsand ECG.

Further terms of clinical examination of children

further medical examination is carried out before the children visiting kindergartens in order to identify deviations in the initial state of health and to prevent disease.

Spend it at the age of 2 years, and it is in the inspection pediatrician, neurologist, pediatric surgeon, dentist, otolaryngologist, ophthalmologist, urologist, andrologist or gynecologist, endocrinologist and psychiatrist.

child held as additional laboratory and instrumental studies - common blood and urine tests, blood glucose level, feces on eggs of worms, abdominal ultrasound and heart, the ECG.

According to these examinations and investigations it is concluded that the state of health and the possibility of visiting a child care institution, provides recommendations on improvement of the kid.

next inspection to be a child of six years - before entering school.It is necessary to visit the pediatrician, neurologist, pediatric surgeon, dentist, otolaryngologist, ophthalmologist, urologist, andrologist or gynecologist, endocrinologist, podiatrist and psychiatrist.

child held as additional laboratory and instrumental studies - common blood and urine tests, blood glucose level, feces on eggs of worms, abdominal ultrasound and heart, the ECG.

According to these surveys is given an opinion on the possibility of studying in ordinary schools, and provides recommendations on certain nuances of training if there are deviations in health.For example, in case of problems with his vision to put the child can not continue to the first party.

further medical examination is carried out before the end of the school in 16-17 years (11th grade).According to inspections and investigations given an opinion on the health condition and the possibility of further training.

Learn what you need to pass the examination for your child, you can use our calculator.

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