Winter - a dangerous time for the joints and bones

winter season is considered to be the flu, colds and frostbite.Meanwhile, there is another danger.

Hypothermia can contribute to inflammation of the joints - arthritis, and ice falling significantly increase the risk of fractures and injuries.

Keep the joints

arthritis - an inflammatory disease of the joints.Its presence signals the joint pain with movement, redness and swelling at the site of the lesion.Most often the disease affects brush, knee, foot.

Arthritis Risk Factors:

  • overloads, including as a result of excessive physical activity, obesity (which creates an unnecessary burden on the joints);
  • Metabolic disorders (due to poor eating habits and lack of physical activity);
  • Hypothermia;
  • Infectious Diseases;
  • Stressful situations.

Widespread rheumatoid arthritis - systemic inflammatory disease in which the body produces antibodies that destroy their own joints.This is a "disease of the young."According to statistics, it affects people of working age is.

Rheumatoid arthritis - a chronic

disease progressively, in 10-15 years from the beginning of about 90% of patients lose the ability to work, and a third are totally disabled.Modern medicine has not yet figured out a way to deal definitively with the disease, it can only help to keep it under control.

Drug treatment of arthritis is difficult: non-steroidal, hormonal, herbal anti-inflammatories, painkillers, antibiotics in various combinations - it is selected for each strictly individually.

Under no circumstances should you try to cope with the disease on their own.As a rule, appointed for arthritis non-steroidal anti inflammatory drugs (diclofenac, ibuprofen), the use of which can cause stomach ulcers and duodenal ulcers.Recently there was a tendency to use in treatment of a safe herbal remedies (cinquefoil tincture), allowing to reduce the dose of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and thus reduce the risk of side effects from the gastrointestinal tract.However, the drugs must appoint a physician.Do not start the process: the earlier you contact a professional - the easier it is to treat arthritis.

The focus area - bone

Another condition to which you should pay close attention to the winter - osteoporosis.The disease leads to the fact that the accelerated destruction of old bone, and the new no time to form.The bone becomes loose, "fragile."As a result, many times increased risk of fracture, which can occur even with a slight fall, coughing, sneezing.

Fractures in most cases are the result of falls, the risk of which increases significantly in winter.Also, the fall can injure the joint, and thus precipitating inflammation.Therefore, you should be especially careful in the winter on the street, especially those with diagnosed osteoporosis, elderly.

But the main cause of brittle bones - internal.Why do some fractures occur after falling from his own height, and others - "the asphalt does not break it?"Bones become brittle due to poor nutrition and lack of vitamins and trace elements.And it's not just calcium and vitamin D. In addition, the problem may be caused by insufficient energy intake, excessive passion of coffee (more than 3 cups a day).

That winter the majority of Russia's population lacks of vitamin D, without which calcium is not absorbed in the intestine.Take care about the use of a sufficient amount of calcium and vitamin D. It is especially important to fill their lack of those who have risk factors for osteoporosis.

greatest amount of calcium found in dairy products.Particularly rich in them hardwoods cheese.He also has sesame, celery, parsley and other vegetables.Vitamin Dimeetsya in fatty fish, but its main source - is ultraviolet radiation, under the influence of which it is synthesized in the skin.

Check yourself for the presence of risk factors for osteoporosis:

  • postmenopausal women,
  • age of 65 years for women and over 70 - male,
  • smoking,
  • alcohol abuse,
  • presence of bone fractures associated withminimal trauma (for example, when falling from his own height), including parents,
  • deficiency of vitamin D,
  • low calcium dietary intake,
  • some diseases: rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes mellitus, diseases of the thyroid and parathyroid glands,
  • taking certain medicines (medicines glyukokortikosteroidovprotivosudorozhnyh, immunodepressantovi al.), prolonged bed rest.

When you have one of the factors you need to be screened for osteoporosis.

How to reduce the risk of fractures?

  • Eliminate risk factors for osteoporosis.
  • Eat adequate amounts of dairy products, if it is impossible - to enter into the diet of calcium supplements and vitamin D 3, according to some information, the best assimilation of calcium promotes mummies.
  • Avoid falls.
  • In identifying the disease by a doctor to take drugs that increase bone density and other drugs.

Pay attention to symptoms such as pain in the thoracic and lumbar spine, the rapid growth loss (more than 2.5 cm per year), "widow's hump."

If you suspect that osteoporosis can be treated by any doctor - his treatment involved physicians, gynecologists, endocrinologists and other specialists.If there is in the region of a specialized center for osteoporosis, try to get help there.In many centers, it is free.

How to protect bones and joints in the winter

Reduce excess weight, it creates excessive strain on bones and joints.

not lift gravity (more than 3 kg).

Wear comfortable shoes and stable.

winter and early spring dress warmly to avoid hypothermia.

Do not walk on icy paths, if possible, use a different path.

In addition, elderly people with osteoporosis in the cold season should be to use a cane.You can wear special splints that protect the neck of the hip in the fall.It is also important to remember that all medications that cause drowsiness (eg, sedatives) can impair motor coordination, reaction speed, thereby increasing the risk of falls.Consult your doctor, he may select safer analogues for you.

very important physical activity is feasible.Especially useful in arthritis and osteoporosis, swimming, hiking.In osteoporosis recommended walking at least two hours a day - all this also has beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system.There are specially designed exercise complexes: and arthritis, and osteoporosis.Regular exercise for 20-30 minutes a day have a firming effect (for arthritis, they are shown without exacerbation).Talk to your doctor - and proceed to the exercises.

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