4 to 10% of people worldwide suffer from asthma.As scientists and doctors say, in recent years the situation has not improved, but continues to deteriorate: the number of cases of asthma is increasing.
Bronchial asthma - a chronic disease of the airways, which is manifested seizures difficulty breathing.The disease can occur in both children and adults.
Bronchial asthma - a chronic disorder of the airways, which is manifested seizures difficulty breathing.The disease can occur in both children and adults.
During an attack of asthma bronchi (small branches of the respiratory tree) are narrowed due to a sharp contraction of muscle cells in their walls, inflammation, edema, mucus accumulation and the formation of "plugs".
Because of this respiration is difficult, especially as you exhale, there is a feeling of fullness in the chest, shortness of
reversible changes in the bronchi, in some cases, attack goes untreated, in others - to restore normal operation of the airway must use special drugs.
cause an attack of asthma may as allergens, and some other stimuli (triggers): acute respiratory infections (ARI), cold dry air, exercise, taking certain medications (such as aspirin).
revealed many factors that influence the development of asthma.
In children asthma often suffer from boys.After 20 years, the risk of developing the disease in men and women is leveled, but after 40 years of asthma are more susceptible women.
been noted in many studies that the risk of asthma in a child increases significantly if one or both parents suffer from this disease.
People with increased airway sensitivity are also at risk.
developing asthma associated with atopy (a genetic predisposition to allergies).For example, about half of children who suffer from eczema or atopic dermatitis develop asthma.
Often asthma occurs in people with allergies.The sources of allergens are house dust, foods, animal dander, pollen, mold, etc.
to develop asthma can result in prolonged constant contact with hazardous substances in the workplace or at home.Prolonged inhalation of mineral dust, vapor or aerosol cleaning detergents, tobacco smoke, smog, etc.may contribute to the emergence of the disease.
high risk of developing the disease have been reported in people who are overweight and obese (BMI over 25).
on the development of asthma in a child can affect mothers smoking during pregnancy.Higher probability of occurrence of the disease and in premature babies.
If any attack is not possible to restore the normal functioning of the respiratory tract and eliminate choking, can develop asthmatic status.
asthmatic status - this is a very serious complication of asthma, which can lead to death if not timely necessary medical care will be provided.
To avoid severe complications, with the appearance of asthma symptoms, you should consult with your doctor.The specialist will be able to establish an accurate diagnosis, appropriate treatment, give useful advice on the prevention of attacks.
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