Almost one in ten children in Russia suffer from asthma, and the incidence continues to rise.
Asthma in children can develop at any age, but more often the symptoms occur in 5-10 years.What should pay attention not to miss the baby the first signs of asthma?
There are many risk factors that influence the development of asthma in children.
Most often suffer from bronchial asthma, children with atopic diseases (such as atopic dermatitis or eczema), children with allergic diseases (allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, etc.).
Above the likelihood of disease and in children whose parents (one or both) suffer from allergies or asthma.
Care should be taken in the event that a child often have acute respiratory infections (ARI).
are at increasing risk preterm infants, babies who are born underweight.
Smoking mothers during and after pregnancy, as well as finding
noted that children from families with unfavorable socio-economic situations also often suffer from asthma.
manifestations of bronchial asthma in children are very diverse.Symptoms may vary even in one and the same child at different moments.
should pay attention to the following points:
If you checked the child the appearance of symptoms of asthma, you should see a doctor.
diagnosis is usually set on the basis of medical history (information about the conditions of life, the history of the disease), and symptoms analysis medical examination.
should be noted that in most cases when the parents bring the baby to the doctor, attack or disturbing manifestations of the disease are undergoing.
Thus, parents must be as accurate as possible to talk about the symptoms and the development of the disease to help the doctor to establish the correct diagnosis and choose the appropriate treatment.
doctor will detail the question of any diseases of the respiratory tract and lungs, which may be transferred to the parents or the child, about the presence of father and mother or the baby allergic diseases, eczema, as well as about the suffering whether someone is a parent with asthma.
It is important that parents are able to elaborate on asthma symptoms, which appeared in the child, noting when they started and how often repeated.
During the examination, the doctor listens to the baby's chest to assess the functioning of the heart and breathing in the lungs, draws attention to the signs of allergies.
Many children prescribe additional studies: chest radiography and spirometry.
Spirometry - a special test that allows us to estimate how much air the lungs can hold the child, as well as the speed with which he could breathe this air.The results help the doctor make a conclusion about the severity of the disease.
Other studies reveal the specific triggers (stimuli that provoke the attack).This group may include skin tests to allergens, blood tests (to determine the level of IgE, which may be increased in asthma).
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