Peptic ulcer : it

Peptic ulcer : it
Peptic ulcer - a disease that threatens life.How to protect yourself from it and how to treat it if it has already appeared?

Peptic ulcer - a disease in which there is damage to the gastric mucosa in the form of erosions and ulcers.In medical practice, there are cases of self-healing of the disease, but if the disease escalates, there is a real threat not only to health but also life.

Peptic ulcer: Causes

The exact cause of stomach ulcers is not known.But it is clear that the disease occurs on the background of gastric imbalances and the protective function of the mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum.

epithelium of these bodies for a variety of reasons become hypersensitive to digestive enzymes and irritated by his action.The ulcer may be caused by:

  • infection, the causative agent of which are bacteria Ia Helicobacter pylori
  • regular intake of painkillers - nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin, naproxen, ibuprofen and many others.Despite the fact that t
    he aspirin tablets are coated with a special substance that protects the stomach from irritation after prolonged administration of the drug all the ulcer may occur anyway.
  • acidity.Increased secretion of gastric acid occurs, for example, for patients with gastrin-secreting tumors (Zollinger-Ellison syndrome).

What are the symptoms of gastric ulcer

Peptic ulcer may have symptoms or may not be felt.Symptoms following:

  • gnawing, burning pain in the middle or upper part of the stomach between meals or at night
  • bloating
  • heartburn
  • nausea or vomiting

In severe cases, when a bleeding ulcer, symptoms may include:

  • dark or black stools (due to bleeding)
  • blood vomiting (black and brown, looks like coffee grounds)
  • weight loss
  • severe pain in the middle and upper abdomen

How serious ulcer

despite the fact that the self-healing ulcers sometimes occurs, it is impossible to ignore the symptoms.In the absence of proper treatment, a peptic ulcer can be a cause of other serious health problems, including:

  • bleeding and anemia as a consequence
  • perforation or perforation of ulcers - the appearance of holes in the wall of the stomach or duodenum.In this case, gastric contents into the peritoneal cavity, which can lead to death.
  • sores and scars appear many times.In such places, the epithelium is uneven, there are swelling.They can not just narrow, and completely block the lumen at the junction of the stomach into the duodenum - because this is where sores are most often.

increases the likelihood of harmful effects NSAID.Especially at risk are also exposed to the elderly and those who have ever suffered from a stomach ulcer.

risk of ulcers is higher if:

  • you are infected with bacteria such as Helicobacter pylori
  • you are taking anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, and many others
  • someone from relatives suffered from peptic ulcer
  • you haveliver disease, kidney or lung
  • you regularly drink alcohol
  • you are 50 years or more

How to diagnose gastric ulcer disease

doctor is able to diagnose on the basis of complaints.However, to confirm the diagnosis is necessary to do some research.First, your doctor may prescribe medications that are taken for heartburn treatment to reduce acidity and trace how the symptoms improve.

If necessary, designate endoscopy.During this procedure through the throat into the stomach insert a tube - an endoscope, through which sampled tissues of gastric contents, determine the acidity of gastric juice, and reveal the presence of bacteria such as Helicobacter Pylori.Endoscopy usually prescribed with pronounced symptoms of peptic ulcer disease.

But often use the method of endoscopy is not required.If it does not seem that the disease was the result of NSAID drugs, most likely reason for the bacteria H. pylori.

Treatment of gastric ulcer

There are several ways to get rid of peptic ulcer disease, including - lifestyle changes, drug therapy, but it is possible, and surgery.

lifestyle changes.For successful treatment it is necessary to completely eliminate triggers the disease.If you smoke - drop.Stop drinking alcohol.If an ulcer, as suggested by the doctor, due to NSAID from them must be abandoned.

Drug therapy includes:

  • taking medications to reduce gastric acidity.
  • Antibiotics.They are administered in case of detection of bacteria such as H. pylori.
  • Endoscopy of the upper portion of the stomach.A small amount of bleeding ulcers can be treated through the endoscope.

operation.Surgery is inevitably when the resulting ulcer was formed on the through hole wall body.Either there is significant bleeding.

Can milk help treat ulcers

No way.Drinking milk, on the contrary, only worsen the situation.This product gives a brief reduction in pain as gastric mucosa covers the thin film.But at the same time the milk stimulates the production of hydrochloric acid, making aggressive gastric acid acts on the mucosa.

How can I prevent the occurrence of ulcers

  • No smoking.
  • Avoid alcohol consumption.
  • not abuse aspirin and other medications that irritate the stomach lining.
  • If you have an ulcer symptoms, be sure to consult a doctor.

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