According to numerous studies, chronic gastritis is sick for more than half of the adult population.
Gastritis - a stomach disorder in which in the mucous membrane of the body there is inflammation, and in severe cases even appear ulceration.These changes are accompanied by various disorders in the stomach.Gastritis can start suddenly (acute gastritis) or develop gradually (chronic gastritis).
First of all, experts allocate as one of the leading causes of infection by a microorganism which is called Helicobacter pylori.The bacterium resides in the mucosa of the stomach and the different regions can lead to the formation of ulcers.
Gastritis can evolve under the influence of external factors: because of improper and irregular nutrition, alcohol abuse and smoking, when taking certain medications (such as aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inf
cause of gastritis may also be a variety of infectious diseases or serious illnesses, such as pernicious anemia (a condition caused by impaired hematopoiesis due to a lack of vitamin B12).
should be noted that not always the occurrence gastritis due to external factors.Damage to the gastric mucosa cells can be caused by an autoimmune process.
symptoms of gastritis are varied.For some people, it generally does not manifest itself.Here are the most common symptoms of the disease:
If gastritis is left untreated, it can lead to significant disturbances in the gastrointestinal tract, the appearance of anemia and increased risk of cancer.
First of all, the doctor examines the complaints and symptoms, asks about the presence of risk factors (other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, bad habits, use of drugs, etc.).
often to clarify or confirm the diagnosis appoint instrumental research: gastroscopy, gastroscopy with a biopsy (to study the state of the gastric mucosa, detect H. pylori), ultrasound (for the diagnosis of concomitant liver disease, pancreas, gall bladder).
Take for analyzing blood samples, urine and feces.In addition, functional tests can be assigned to howl: intragastric pH monitoring (a method to estimate the intensity of acid secretion in the stomach) and electrogastrogram (study of motor function of the gastrointestinal tract).
First of all, you need to follow a diet: limit the use of sharp, salty, fried, as well as too hot or cold foods, eliminate alcohol.When gastritis associated with hyperacidity in the stomach, using antacid (to neutralize acid).However, these drugs can only be seen as a means of emergency aid in pain syndrome.Prolonged effect protivosekretornye have drugs that block the production of excess acid.Gastritis caused by H. pylori, appoint a special course of antimicrobials.
In most cases, after correctly spent treatment of gastritis passes.
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